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BACKGROUND Developmental neurotoxicity (DNT) of environmental chemicals is a serious threat to human health. Current DNT testing guidelines propose investigations in rodents, which require large numbers of animals. With regard to the "3 Rs" (reduction, replacement, and refinement) of animal testing and the European regulation of chemicals [Registration,(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are ubiquitous environmental chemicals that accumulate in adipose tissues over the food chain. Epidemiologic studies have indicated that PCBs influence brain development. Children who are exposed to PCBs during development suffer from neuropsychologic deficits such as a lower full-scale IQ (intelligence quotient), reduced(More)
BACKGROUND Because of their lipophilicity, persistent organic pollutants (POPs) cross the human placenta, possibly affecting central nervous system development. Most POPs are known aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) ligands and activators of AhR signaling. Therefore, AhR activation has been suggested to cause developmental neurotoxicity (DNT). OBJECTIVE We(More)
BACKGROUND Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are persistent and bioaccumulative flame retardants, which are found in rising concentrations in human tissues. They are of concern for human health because animal studies have shown that they possess the potential to be developmentally neurotoxic. OBJECTIVE Because there is little knowledge of the effects(More)
A case-control study was performed to assess the potential influence of CYP19 Arg(264)Cys and CYP1B1 Leu(432)Val polymorphisms on breast cancer risk in a series of Korean breast cancer patients and controls. The results suggest that the CYP19 Arg(264)Cys polymorphism modifies breast cancer risk (OR=1.5, 95% CI=1.1-2.2), especially in association with(More)
Khellin and visnagin are two furanochromones that can be frequently found in ethnomedical formulations in Asia and the Middle East. Both compounds possess anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, therefore modern medicine uses these compounds or structurally related derivatives for treatment of vitiligo, bronchial asthma and renal colics. Despite their(More)
Since immunohistochemical studies indicated the presence of interleukin-6 in the cortices of patients with Alzheimer's disease, we were interested in the eventual biological effects of this cytokine on neuronal cells. We found that interleukin-6 and interleukin-1 induced metallothionein expression in a human neuronal (SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma) cell line. In(More)
As a sensor of polyaromatic chemicals the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) exerts an important role in immune regulation besides its requirement for xenobiotic metabolism. Transcriptional activation of AhR target genes is counterregulated by the AhR repressor (AhRR) but the exact function of the AhRR in vivo is currently unknown. We here show that the AhRR(More)
1131 Research Developmental neurotoxicity (DNT) of environmental chemicals has been recognized worldwide as a serious threat to human health, and the resulting neurologic deficits negatively affect families and society (Goldman and Koduru 2000; Needleman et al. 2002). Current DNT testing guidelines (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development(More)
Until now the susceptibility of human skin to detrimental effects of solar radiation (e.g. photoaging) has mostly been assigned to the type of radiation and to the skin type. We have raised the question whether the circadian rhythm plays a role in the susceptibility of human dermal fibrob-lasts (HDF) to IRA (760–1440 nm). IRA accounts for one third of the(More)