Multielectrodes have been used with great success to simultaneously record the activity of neuronal populations in awake, behaving animals. In particular, there is great promise in the use of this technique to allow the control of neuroprosthetic devices by human patients. However, it is crucial to fully characterize the tissue response to the chronic… (More)
To elucidate the possible existence of a so called "premorbid parkinsonian personality" we studied 33 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and 66 controls who did not differ in age, sex, geographic origin, and cultural level, with the Spanish version of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). Females of the PD group obtained significantly… (More)
Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nerve tube guides, made of a novel proportion (90:10) of the two polymers, poly(L-lactide): poly(glycolide) and covered with a neural cell line differentiated in vitro, were tested in vivo for promoting nerve regeneration across a 10-mm gap of the rat sciatic nerve. Before in vivo testing, the PLGA 90:10 tubes were… (More)
The suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) are pointed to as the mammals central circadian pacemaker. Aged animals show internal time disruption possibly caused by morphological and neurochemical changes in SCN components. Some studies reported changes of neuronal cells and neuroglia in the SCN of rats and nonhuman primates during aging. The effects of senescence on… (More)
The term dementia derives from the Latin demens (" de " : private, " mens " : mind, intelligence , judgment— " without a mind "). The American Psychiatric Association (APA) describes it as " any mental impairment , or global cognitive decline in a previously unimpaired person " and is characterized by a deterioration of cog-nitive, intellectual, emotional,… (More)
The development of therapeutic approaches to improve the life quality of people suffering from different types of body paralysis is a current major medical challenge. Brain-machine interface (BMI) can potentially help reestablishing lost sensory and motor functions, allowing patients to use their own brain activity to restore sensorimotor control of… (More)
We report the case of a woman suffering from complex partial seizures who developed Parkinson's disease at the age of 58. Parkinsonian symptoms improved transitorily after complex partial seizures. Although this has been reported after generalized seizures, this case is, to our knowledge, the first description of improvement of parkinsonian symptoms… (More)
We describe a 37-year-old man with spinal segmental myoclonus characterized by symmetric, rhythmic contractions of the abdomen with a frequency ranging between 100 and 150/min. The combination of sodium valproate and L-5-hydroxytryptophan was useful to control the myoclonus. We comment on the possible role of the serotonergic system in this syndrome.