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Monoclonal antibody GK1.5 recognizes a previously undescribed murine T cell surface molecule, designated L3T4, which migrates on SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions as a single band with an apparent m.w. of 52,000. L3T4 is expressed by approximately 80% of thymocytes and by approximately 20% of spleen cells. There appears to be poor correlation between(More)
Recent studies have proposed that tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and ionizing radiation induce apoptosis by activating hydrolysis of sphingomyelin to ceramide. Bcl-2 and a related gene, Bcl-X, inhibit several forms of apoptosis. Herein, we report that internucleosomal DNA fragmentation, characteristic of apoptosis and induced by ionizing radiation,(More)
We demonstrate for the first time how immature B cells kill themselves. Ceramide is identified as the mediator of apoptosis in the murine B lymphoma line WEHI 231 commonly used as a model to study clonal deletion in B lymphocytes. We show that exogenous ceramide induces apoptosis in WEHI 231 cells. To maintain self tolerance, immature lymphocytes readily(More)
Experimental autoimmune thyroiditis (EAT), which to some extent represents an experimental model of human chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, is an organ-specific autoimmune disease characterized by autoantibody production to thyroid antigens (Ag) and mononuclear infiltration of the thyroid gland. EAT induced by immunization with human thyroglobulin (hTG) with(More)
We have investigated the relative roles of the Lyt-2+ and L3T4+ T lymphocyte subsets in rejection of class-I-MHC-antigen-disparate skin and tumor allografts. To deplete T cells in vivo, rat anti-Lyt-2 or anti-L3T4 monoclonal antibodies (mAb) were administered to adult-thymectomized (ATX) recipient mice prior to transplantation. BALB/c (H-2d) recipient mice(More)
Immunization of mice with 50 micrograms human thyroglobulin (TG) in complete Freund's adjuvant leads to histological thyroiditis; production of IgG, IgA, and IgM anti-TG antibodies; and in vitro proliferative responses after incubation of lymphocytes with TG. Oral administration of 500 micrograms TG at four intervals before Tg immunization and once(More)
Human peripheral blood lymphocytes (hu-PBL) can be adoptively transferred by intraperitoneal injection into mice with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). The transplanted lymphocytes can produce immunoglobulin (Ig), respond to antigens, and survive for months in this chimeric model (hu-PBL SCID). However, whether the lymphocytes actually repopulate and(More)
Culture supernatants generated by alloantigenic or lectin stimulation of a cloned helper T lymphocyte, designated L2, contain interleukin 2 (IL 2), granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (CSF), B cell stimulating factor (BCSF), macrophage (Ia+)-recruiting factor (MIRF), (Ia+)-inducing activity, gamma-interferon, Fc receptor-enhancing activity,(More)