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From the Departments of Family Medicine and Pediatrics, Connecticut Children’s Medical Center, Hartford, and University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington (H.M.F.); Microbiology Laboratory, Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, CO (B.J.B.J.); Lyme Borreliosis Unit, Health Protection(More)
BACKGROUND The electronic Schizophrenia Treatment Adherence Registry (e-STAR) is a prospective, observational study of patients with schizophrenia designed to evaluate long-term treatment outcomes in routine clinical practice. METHODS Parameters were assessed at baseline and at 3 month intervals for 2 years in patients initiated on risperidone long-acting(More)
We performed a prospective screening for Trypanosoma cruzi infection in 1350 Latin American pregnant women and their offspring in Barcelona, Spain. The rate of seroprevalence was 3.4%, and 7.3% of the newborns were infected. Routine screening and management programs in maternity wards may be warranted.
BACKGROUND Chagas disease is no longer limited to Latin America and is becoming frequent in industrialised countries in Europe and United States. METHODS A descriptive study of Latin American immigrants in Barcelona attending two centres for imported diseases during a period of 3 years. The main outcome was the identification of Trypanosoma cruzi-infected(More)
BACKGROUND Globally, more than 10 million people are infected with Trypanosoma cruzi, which causes about 20 000 annual deaths. Although Chagas disease is endemic to certain regions of Latin America, migratory flows have enabled its expansion into areas where it was previously unknown. Economic, social and cultural factors play a significant role in its(More)
A single 40 mg/kg dose of praziquantel (PZQ) continues to be the standard treatment for schistosomiasis caused by S. mansoni and S. haematobium in all clinical settings. Experimental development of drug resistance and the recent isolation of S. mansoni strains with a natural tolerance to high doses of PZQ have raised concerns over the adequacy of such a(More)
A leucine to alanine substitution (L9'A) was introduced in the M2 region of the mouse alpha4 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunit. Expressed in Xenopus oocytes, alpha4(L9'A)beta2 nAChRs were > or =30-fold more sensitive than wild type (WT) to both ACh and nicotine. We generated knock-in mice with the L9'A mutation and studied their(More)
Chagas disease is caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi and is an endemic zoonosis in the American continent. Thanks to the successful implementation of national programs for reducing the vectorial infestation and the strict control of blood-borne transmission of Chagas disease, the relative importance of congenital transmission has recently increased.(More)
BACKGROUND Human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE) is a newly described illness with few reports in the literature. OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical and laboratory feature of HGE. DESIGN Case series. SETTING Tertiary care facility in New York State. PATIENTS 18 adult patients with HGE. MEASUREMENTS Epidemiologic, clinical, and laboratory features;(More)
The major histocompatibility complex (MHC), which harbours the most polymorphic vertebrate genes, plays a critical role in the host-pathogen coevolutionary arms race. However, the extent to which MHC diversity determines disease susceptibility and long-term persistence of populations is currently under debate, as recent studies have demonstrated that low(More)