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Many problems in Biology and Engineering are governed by anisotropic reaction–diffusion equations with a very rapidly varying reaction term. This usually implies the use of very fine meshes and small time steps in order to accurately capture the propagating wave while avoiding the appearance of spurious oscillations in the wave front. This work develops a(More)
Sudden cardiac death is mainly provoked by arrhythmogenic processes. During myocardial ischemia many malignant arrhythmias, such as reentry, take place and can degenerate into ventricular fibrillation. It is thus of great interest to unravel the intricate mechanisms underlying the initiation and maintenance of a reentry. In this computational study, we(More)
The use of antiarrhythmic drugs is common to treat heart rhythm disorders. Computational modeling and simulation are promising tools that could be used to investigate the effects of specific drugs on cardiac electrophysiology. In this paper, we study the multiscale effects of dofetilide, a drug that blocks IKr, from cellular to organ level paying special(More)
Dofetilide is a class-III drug that inhibits the rapid component of the delayed potassium current ( I(Kr)). Experimental studies have shown that the different layers of ventricular muscle present differences in action potential duration (APD) and different responses to class III agents. It has been suggested that it contributes to APD heterogeneity in the(More)
Lidocaine is a class I antiarrhytmic drug that blocks Na(+) channels and exists in both neutral and charged forms at a physiological pH. In this work, a mathematical model of pH and the frequency-modulated effects of lidocaine has been developed and incorporated into the Luo-Rudy model of the ventricular action potential. We studied the effects of lidocaine(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate sex and age related differences in drug induced QT prolongation by dofetilide under reduced repolarization reserve in simulated ventricular cells. Left ventricular endocardial action potentials were simulated using a modified Luo Rudy model. Sex, age and regional differences in currents I(CaL), IK(r), IK(s), and(More)
The combination of computational models and biophysical simulations can help to interpret an array of experimental data and contribute to the understanding, diagnosis and treatment of complex diseases such as cardiac arrhythmias. For this reason, three-dimensional (3D) cardiac computational modelling is currently a rising field of research. The advance of(More)
The cardiac conduction system is divided in different sections that play an important role in the cardiac depolarization sequence and define the morphology of the electrocardiogram. In this study we have built several configurations for each section based on anatomical descriptions. The effect of the morphology of the bundle branches, and the density of(More)
Simulation of action potential propagation on cardiac tissues represents both a computational and memory intensive task. The use of detailed ionic cellular models, combined with its application into three-dimensional geometries turn simulation into a problem only affordable, in reasonable time, with High Performance Computing techniques. This paper presents(More)
This paper combines high-performance computing and grid computing technologies to accelerate multiple executions of a biomedical application that simulates the action potential propagation on cardiac tissues. First, a parallelization strategy was employed to accelerate the execution of simulations on a cluster of personal computers (PCs). Then, grid(More)