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The messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of somatostatin (SRIF) receptors SSTR-1, SSTR-2, SSTR-3, SSTR-4 and SSTR-5 (called sst1-5, now) was studied in rat brain between embryonic day 17 (E17) and post-natal day 5 (P5) by in situ hybridization histochemistry and compared to that of adult rats. sst1 receptor mRNA expression was very low and restricted at E17,(More)
Somatostatin (SRIF) SS-1 binding sites were initially defined in radioligand binding studies performed in rat brain cerebral cortex membranes using [125I]204-090 (a radiolabelled Tyr3 analogue of SMS 201-995, octreotide). SRIF-1 recognition sites were defined in binding studies performed with [125I]MK 678 (seglitide). Both SS-1 and SRIF-1 sites were(More)
Somatostatin (SRIF) SS-2 binding sites were originally defined in rat brain cerebral cortex membranes using [125I]Tyr11-SRIF-14 in the presence of 120 mM NaCl. These sites were characterized by their high affinity for SRIF-14 and SRIF-28, but very low affinity for cyclic peptides such as octreotide (SMS 201-995) and seglitide (MK 678). The characteristics(More)
Somatostatin regulates endocrine and exocrine secretion, acts as a neurotransmitter/neuro-modulator and possesses antiproliferative properties. These diverse physiological effects are mediated by G-protein coupled receptors of which at least five subtypes have been cloned (SSTR1-5). Here, we have investigated the tissue distribution pattern of mRNAs(More)
In situ hybridization histochemistry was performed to analyse the distribution of the messenger RNA (mRNA) of three putative somatostatin (SRIF) receptors in rat brain, using oligonucleotide probes derived from the cDNA coding for SSTR-1, SSTR-2, and SSTR-3 receptors. SSTR-1 signals were found in layers VVI of the cerebral cortex, in primary olfactory(More)
In situ hybridization histochemistry for somatostatin receptors-1, -2, -3 and -4 section and receptor autoradiography using [125I]CGP 23996, [125I]somatostatin-28, [125I]seglitide and [125I]Tyr3 octreotide were carried out to determine the expression of somatostatin receptor messenger RNAs and binding sites in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex of rats 21(More)
A paradigm for the structure-pharmacological activity relationship of bifunctional platinum antitumor drugs is that the trans isomer of antitumor cisplatin (transplatin) is clinically ineffective. To this end, however, several new complexes of the trans structure have been identified that exhibit cytotoxicity in tumor cells that is even better than that of(More)
Retinas from male Wistar rats which were housed during a long-term drug safety study at short, medium and long distance from a fluorescent light source were examined. Retinal atrophy was pronounced in the central retina of rats housed closest to the light source, and was characterized by a loss of photoreceptor cells and of S-antigen immunoreactivity in the(More)
In situ hybridization histochemistry was used to study the distribution and possible co-expression of the messenger RNA of the somatostatin receptor subtypes SSTR-4 and SSTR-3 in rat brain. Our results demonstrate that SSTR-3 messenger RNA is widely expressed within the rat brain, while expression of SSTR-4 messenger RNA is restricted to the telencephalon,(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) in community-dwelling 85-year-olds and to study the factors associated. DESIGN Cross-sectional. SETTING Community-based survey study of seven primary healthcare centers. PARTICIPANTS Three hundred twenty-eight people born in 1924 and registered with primary healthcare centers. (More)