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OBJECTIVES This study was designed to determine the effectiveness of a protocol for rapid intravenous hydration to prevent contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients undergoing emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND Contrast-induced nephropathy frequently complicates PCI, resulting in prolonged hospitalization and increased(More)
In this paper, we develop a dynamic framework for the modeling and analysis of supply chain networks with corporate social responsibility through integrated environmental decision-making. Through a multilevel supply chain network, we model the multicriteria decision-making behavior of the various decision-makers (manufacturers, retailers, and consumers),(More)
BACKGROUND After recombinant human erythropoietin was introduced into routine nephrologic practice, specific clinical guidelines were developed to optimize the quality of anemia management for patients with chronic kidney disease. METHODS The Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS), an international investigation providing patient- and(More)
BACKGROUND Anemia is common in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS Data collected from nationally representative samples of HD patients (n = 11,041) in 2002 to 2003 were used to describe current anemia management for long-term HD patients at 309 dialysis units in 12 countries. Analyses of associations and outcomes were adjusted for demographics, 15(More)
BACKGROUND Information about residual renal function (RRF) and outcomes associated with practices of diuretic use in patients with end-stage renal disease is not available worldwide. METHODS Diuretic use was investigated in 16,420 hemodialysis patients from the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study, a prospective observational study of(More)
BACKGROUND Worldwide statistics on practice patterns regarding "do not resuscitate" (DNR) orders and patient withdrawal from hemodialysis have not been uniformly collected or analyzed. METHODS Using data concerning adult hemodialysis patients randomly selected from 308 representative dialysis facilities in France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Spain, the United(More)