Jose M. Brum

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In this study we examined the hypothesis that endothelial damage increases proximal coronary arterial vasomotor tone and sensitivity to vasoconstrictor stimulation. The response of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) (% area change) to serotonin and nitroglycerin were examined in eight anesthetized (Innovar + nitrous oxide), closed-chest dogs(More)
AIMS The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence, features, and clinical sequelae of 'electrical storm' (ES). METHODS AND RESULTS This study is a prospectively designed secondary analysis of SHIELD; a randomized trial of azimilide for suppression of ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (VT/VF) leading to implanted cardioverter defibrillator(More)
BACKGROUND Although implanted cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) effectively treat sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias, up to 50% of ICD recipients eventually require concomitant antiarrhythmic drug therapy to prevent symptomatic arrhythmia recurrences and hence reduce the number of device therapies. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 633 ICD recipients(More)
Substance P (SP), a vasoactive neuropeptide detected in animal and human hearts has been reported to increase coronary blood flow in animals. However, no data are available on SP effects on epicardial coronary arteries, the site of coronary disease. To determine the amount and distribution of SP and its action in the large coronary vessels, we studied two(More)
We used the technique of high-performance liquid chromatography combined with radioimmunoassay to establish the profile of angiotensin peptides in the periphery and across the circulation of the dog's heart. Data were obtained before and after blockade of angiotensin converting enzyme, and after acute myocardial ischemia produced by occlusion of the left(More)
Physiological studies have clarified the role that the brain has in the interplay between salt balance and hypertension. Neural mechanisms and endocrine secretions play a pivotal role in the adaptation of mammals to changes in the intake and excretion of sodium. Maneuvers that alter the concentration of sodium in the plasma modify the sensitivity of(More)
Controlling hunger between meals is a challenge for many individuals. This manuscript comprises 2 sequential clinical trials investigating the effects of psyllium (Metamucil) on satiety, both using a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over design. The first study determined the effects of 3.4 g, 6.8 g, and 10.2 g of psyllium taken before(More)
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