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STUDY OBJECTIVE To define the behavior of power spectral heart rate variability (PSHR) during potentially stressful events in the perioperative period, and relate it to changes in blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR). DESIGN Longitudinal clinical study. SETTING Operating room and recovery suites of a large tertiary care referral center. PATIENTS 26(More)
In the nonfailing heart, normovolemic hemodilution increases cardiac output and decreases total peripheral resistance (TPR). Putative mechanisms mediating the decrease in TPR include reflex vasodilation and changes in the local regulation of blood flow. Our objectives were to determine whether ablation of reflex neural mechanisms or the inhibition of nitric(More)
The "antimuscarinic effect" of fentanyl and its dependence on subtypes of receptors were characterized in isolated porcine coronary arteries. Left anterior descending coronary arteries were dissected from the hearts of 60 adult pigs obtained at a slaughterhouse and prepared for isometric tension studies. The effects of fentanyl on the cumulative(More)
Myocardial ischemia during surgery can be caused by coronary vasospasm. Neurohumoral mechanisms are involved in this phenomenon, and various substances have been suggested as possible causes, including acetylcholine, histamine, and norepinephrine. The responses of isolated porcine coronary arteries (from 117 pig hearts) with (E+) and without (E-)(More)
Our overall goal was to investigate the mechanism by which fentanyl attenuates acetylcholine-induced contraction in porcine coronary artery. We tested the hypothesis that fentanyl attenuates muscarinic coronary contraction via sigma receptor activation. Left coronary artery vascular rings were isolated from porcine hearts and were suspended in organ(More)
Exercise is associated with release of catecholamines and vasoactive intestinal polypeptides. Recurrent exposure to catecholamines modifies the sensitivity of adrenoceptors. To test the hypothesis that exercise training may affect the sensitivity of the epicardial coronary arteries, we performed studies on isolated coronary arteries from male dogs capable(More)
In this study we examined the hypothesis that endothelial damage increases proximal coronary arterial vasomotor tone and sensitivity to vasoconstrictor stimulation. The response of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) (% area change) to serotonin and nitroglycerin were examined in eight anesthetized (Innovar + nitrous oxide), closed-chest dogs(More)
BACKGROUND A decrease in myocardial perfusion pressure may reduce myocardial blood flow. However, it may not significantly affect myocardial perfusion when in presence of a concurrent coronary artery vasodilation. However, the effects of propofol in coronary arteries are not well determined. In this study, the effects of propofol on porcine coronary artery(More)
A number of vasoconstrictor agonists activate the Na+/H+ antiport system in vascular smooth muscle, leading to alkalinization of the cytosol and influx of Na+. It is believed that agonist-induced Na+/H+ exchange may play an important role in contraction. We have evaluated this hypothesis by determining the effect of inhibition of Na+/H+ exchange on(More)
Extensive changes in hemodynamics and cardiac rhythm during induction of anesthesia may be mediated by altered responses of the autonomic nervous system to anesthetic agents. Analysis of the power spectrum of the heart rate (PSHR) variability can supply information about the autonomic nervous system, and may be used in order to assess this phenomenon. In(More)