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OBJECTIVE To elaborate practical recommendations based on scientific evidence, when available, or on expert opinions for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of fungal respiratory infections in the critically ill patient, including solid organ transplant recipients. METHODS Twelve experts from two scientific societies (The Spanish Society for(More)
BACKGROUND Practice guidelines suggest processes of care such as timely oxygenation assessment and antibiotic therapy as quality indicators for the management of community-acquired pneumonia. The objective of this study was to determine whether postponed oxygenation assessment (either by pulse oximetry monitoring or arterial blood gas analysis) delays(More)
INTRODUCTION Previous studies have found higher circulating levels of tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 in nonsurviving septic patients than in surviving septic patients, and an association between the 372 T/C genetic polymorphism of TIMP-1 and the risk of developing certain diseases. However, the relationship between genetic(More)
BACKGROUND Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is the leading cause of death from infection in developed countries. Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) and MBL-associated serine protease 2 (MASP-2) deficiencies are common primary immunodeficiencies the clinical penetrance of which remains controversial. MBL is a serum lectin that mediates phagocytosis and activates(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the potential association of the functional polymorphism rs1801274 in the receptor IIa for the Fc portion of immunoglobin G (FcγRIIa) gene (FCGR2A-H131R) with the susceptibility to and the severity of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). DESIGN Multicenter prospective and observational study. SETTING Four university hospitals in(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study were to compare the performance of the LightCycler SeptiFast Test MGRADE and conventional blood culture in the etiological diagnosis of febrile episodes occurring in neutropenic and critically ill patients (in the intensive care unit; ICU), and to assess the potential clinical value of the SeptiFast test in patient(More)
BACKGROUND The natural history of the resolution of infectious parameters in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is not completely known. The aim of our study was to identify those factors related to host characteristics, the severity of pneumonia, and treatment that influence clinical stability. METHODS In a prospective, multicenter,(More)
INTRODUCTION Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a role in infectious diseases through extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation, which favors the migration of immune cells from the bloodstream to sites of inflammation. Although higher levels of MMP-9 and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) have been found in small series of patients(More)
RATIONALE Some studies highlight the association of better clinical responses with adherence to guidelines for empiric treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), but little is known about factors that influence this adherence. OBJECTIVES Our objectives were to identify factors influencing adherence to the guidelines for empiric treatment of CAP, and(More)