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PURPOSE To perform a paired-eye comparison of secondary iris-claw intraocular lens (IOL) implantation for aphakia. METHODS Retrospective, comparative, nonrandomized interventional case series of aphakic eyes, which underwent secondary iris-claw Artisan IOL (Ophtec BV) implantation for aphakia in one eye and no surgery (group 1) or cataract surgery (group(More)
The bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathway is essential for normal development and tissue homeostasis. BMP signal transduction occurs when ligands interact with a complex of type 1 and type 2 receptors to activate downstream transcription factors. It is well established that a single BMP receptor may bind multiple BMP ligands with varying(More)
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