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We characterised a population of macrophages potentially involved in the immunoregulation induced by experimental cysticercosis. Following Taenia crassiceps infection, macrophages recruited in the peritoneal cavity were isolated and co-cultured at different ratios with T cells from naïve mice previously stimulated with anti-CD3/CD28 antibodies; these(More)
BACKGROUND Permeability properties of mammalian nephron are tuned during postnatal maturation. The transepithelial electrical resistance (TER) and complexity of tight junctions (TJs) vary along the different tubular segments, suggesting that the molecules constituting this structure change. We studied the differential expression of occludin and several(More)
BACKGROUND Tight junctions play a critical role in tubular function. In mammalian kidney, the transepithelial electrical resistance and the complexity of the tight junction increase from the proximal to the collecting tubule. The differential expression of three tight junction proteins, ZO-1, ZO-2, and occludin, along isolated rabbit renal tubules is(More)
Renal complications in diabetes are severe and may lead to renal insufficiency. Early alterations in tight junction (TJ) proteins in diabetic nephropathy (DN) have not been explored and the role of oxidative stress in their disassembly has been poorly characterized. We investigated the expression and distribution of TJ proteins: claudin-5 in glomeruli (GL),(More)
Macrophages are important innate immune cells that are associated with two distinct phenotypes: a pro-inflammatory (or classically activated) subset with prototypic macrophage functions such as inflammatory cytokine production and bactericidal activity, and an anti-inflammatory (or alternatively activated (AAM)) subset linked with wound healing and tissue(More)
This study investigates the effect in the rat of chronic CdCl2 intoxication (500 microg Cd2+/kg, daily i.p. injection for 5 days) on renal function and the changes in tight junction proteins claudin-2, claudin-3, and claudin-5 present in rat kidney. We also studied the effect of coadministration of ZnCl2 (500 microg Zn2+/kg) during chronic CdCl2(More)
Macrophages play crucial roles in the immune response, as they can initiate, modulate and also be final effector cells during immune responses to infections. Macrophages are derived from myeloid precursor cells in bone marrow and are widely distributed in every tissue of the body. Over the past 10 years, the concepts about macrophage activation have clearly(More)
Silymarin is a free-radical scavenger and a membrane stabilizer which prevents lipoperoxidation and its associated cell damage in some experimental models. It has been proposed that lipid peroxidation caused by free radicals may be involved in alloxan-induced diabetes mellitus. Alloxan elicits pancreatic lipid peroxidation which precedes the appearance of(More)
N-acetylcysteine (NAC) has been used safely in humans and in other mammals as an antidote against several toxic and carcinogenic agents, including aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). The aim of this study was to evaluate the capability of dietary supplementation with NAC to ameliorate the effects of subacute intoxication with AFB1 in broiler chickens. One hundred twenty(More)
BACKGROUND The tight junction (TJ) regulates the passage of ions and molecules through the paracellular pathway. In multicellular organisms, epithelial sheets function as a barrier between a variety of environments and the internal media. Therefore, TJs are required to control the passage of diverse molecules in different epithelia. The mammalian nephron(More)