Jose L. Paredes

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Whether facultative β cell progenitors exist in the adult pancreas is a major unsolved question. To date, lineage-tracing studies have provided conflicting results. To track β cell neogenesis in vivo, we generated transgenic mice that transiently coexpress mTomato and GFP in a time-sensitive, nonconditional Cre-mediated manner, so that insulin-producing(More)
The fetal intestinal mucosa is characterized by elevated Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) expression, which can lead to the development of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)--a devastating inflammatory disease of the premature intestine--upon exposure to microbes. To define endogenous strategies that could reduce TLR4 signaling, we hypothesized that amniotic fluid(More)
Protection and restoration of a functional b-cell mass are fundamental strategies for prevention and treatment of diabetes. Consequently, knowledge of signals that determine the functional b-cell mass is of immense clinical relevance. Transforming growth factor b (TGFb) superfamily signaling pathways play a critical role in development and tissue(More)
The mammalian embryo represents a fundamental paradox in biology. Its location within the uterus, especially early during development when embryonic cardiovascular development and placental blood flow are not well-established, leads to an obligate hypoxic environment. Despite this hypoxia, the embryonic cells are able to undergo remarkable growth,(More)
A novel approach for CE data analysis based on pattern recognition techniques in the wavelet domain is presented. Low-resolution, denoised electropherograms are obtained by applying several preprocessing algorithms including denoising, baseline correction, and detection of the region of interest in the wavelet domain. The resultant signals are mapped into(More)
In this paper, a coordinate descent algorithm for robust sparse signal representation in redundant dictionaries is proposed. Under the coordinate descent framework, each target coefficient is robustly estimated applying the weighted median to a scaled-and-shifted version of the input signal weighted by the magnitude of an atom associated to the underlying(More)
During kidney development, the vasculature develops via both angiogenesis (branching from major vessels) and vasculogenesis (de novo vessel formation). The formation and perfusion of renal blood vessels are vastly understudied. In the present study, we investigated the regulatory role of renal blood flow and O2 concentration on nephron progenitor(More)
Preclinical gene therapy studies both in vitro and in vivo require high purity preparations of adeno-associated virus (AAV). Current methods for purification of AAV entail the use of centrifugation over either a CsCl or iodixanol gradient, or the use of chromatography. These methods can be cumbersome and expensive, necessitating ultrahigh speed gradient(More)
Pancreatic β-cell loss and dysfunction are critical components of all types of diabetes. Human and rodent β-cells are able to proliferate, and this proliferation is an important defense against the evolution and progression of diabetes. Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling has been shown to affect β-cell development, proliferation, and function,(More)
Protection and restoration of a functional β-cell mass are fundamental strategies for prevention and treatment of diabetes. Consequently, knowledge of signals that determine the functional β-cell mass is of immense clinical relevance. Transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) superfamily signaling pathways play a critical role in development and tissue(More)