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Water immersion-induced grooming sequences and open field behaviour were studied in two sublines of Sprague-Dawley rats, Rattus norvegicus, selectively bred for high-(HY) and low-yawning (LY) frequency. HY rats were more active than LY rats in the open field: ambulation, rearings and wall-leanings were significantly higher in the former than in the latter(More)
The synthesis and pharmacological activity of a new series of 1-arylpyrazoles as potent σ(1) receptor (σ(1)R) antagonists are reported. The new compounds were evaluated in vitro in human σ(1)R and guinea pig σ(2) receptor (σ(2)R) binding assays. The nature of the pyrazole substituents was crucial for activity, and a basic amine was shown to be necessary, in(More)
Although the 5-hydroxytryptamine(6) (5-HT(6)) receptor was discovered only recently, its almost exclusive distribution in the brain makes it a promising, novel, target for central nervous system (CNS)-mediated diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (cognitive function), schizophrenia, anxiety and obesity. In the past few years a significant research interest(More)
Based on a medicinal chemistry guided hypothetical pharmacophore model, novel series of indolyl sulfonamides have been designed and prepared as selective and high-affinity serotonin 5-HT(6) receptor ligands. Furthermore, based on a screening approach of a discovery library, a series of benzoxazinepiperidinyl sulfonamides were identified as selective 5-HT(6)(More)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae were cultured from the urethra of male patients and from the cervix and urethra of female contacts. Isolates from a given group of individuals were of the same strain but differed considerably in terms of the molecular weight of both protein II and pili. Radioimmunoprecipitation assays showed that most patients produced serum(More)
PURPOSE To analyze in vivo the architecture of clear corneal incisions (CCIs) for phacoemulsification using optical coherence tomography (OCT). SETTING Anterior Segment Department, Asociacion Para Evitar la Ceguera en Mexico, Hospital Dr Luis Sanchez Bulnes, Mexico. METHODS A prospective masked study analyzed 20 unsutured CCIs placed superiorly and(More)
Immunocytochemical labeling of the transcription factor c-Fos was used to determine whether wheel running (WR) activates nucleus accumbens (NAcc) neurons in naive male Balb/c mice. The results indicate compared to novel environment exploration and forced locomotor activity, WR increases c-Fos labeling in the middle level of the core but not the shell of the(More)
Antibodies were detected by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in sera from rabbits immunized wtih outer membranes from colonial opacity variants in Neisseria gonorrhoeae P9. ELISA-inhibition experiments with purified antigens revealed approximately equal proportions of antibodies directed against each of the three major surface antigens,(More)
The three-component reaction of dihydropyridines, aldehydes, and p-methylaniline efficiently forms highly substituted tetrahydroquinolines in a stereoselective manner through a Lewis acid-catalyzed formal [4 + 2] cycloaddition. InCl(3) and Sc(OTf)(3) are the catalysts of choice for this process. The in situ generation of a reactive 1,4-dihydropyridine(More)
A multicomponent reaction involving the interaction of azines (quinolines, isoquinolines, and phenanthridine) with activating agents (chloroformates, acid halides, and sulfonyl halides), isocyanides, and water is described. The products of this process, alpha-carbamoylated-1,2-dihydroazines, are the result of the addition of the isocyanide partner to the(More)