Jose Javier Gonzalez Ortiz

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Extracts of Valeriana officinalis have been used in folkloric medicine for its sedative, hypnotic, tranquilizer and anticonvulsant effects, and may interact with gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and/or benzodiazepine sites. At low concentrations, valerian extracts enhance [3H]flunitrazepam binding (EC50 4.13 x 10(-10) mg/ml). However, this increased(More)
Although GABA neurotransmission has been suggested as a mechanism for Valeriana officinalis effects, CNS depression can also be evoked by inhibition of ionotropic (iGluR) and metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR). In this study, we examined if aqueous valerian extract interacted with glutamatergic receptors. Freshly prepared aqueous valerian extract was(More)
The effects of two valerian extracts (aqueous and hydroalcoholic) were investigated through [(3)H]Glutamate ([(3)H]Glu) and [(3)H]Fluorowillardine ([(3)H]FW) receptor binding assays using rat synaptic membranes in presence of different receptor ligands. In addition, the extract stability was monitored spectrophotometrically. Both extracts demonstrated(More)
PURPOSE To examine the relationship between seizures and excitatory amino acid transporter (EAAT) activity and whether up-regulation of EAAT activity alters epileptogenicity. METHODS In this study, we exposed rat hippocampal slices to different convulsants before measuring EAAT activity. Rats were exposed to the EAAT inhibitor pyrrolidine-2,4-dicarboxylic(More)
Behavioral characteristics of seizures have age-dependent features, which suggests that effective treatment of seizures may be age-specific as well. In experiments that used the flurothyl seizure model, we examined the effects of several drugs that affect GABAergic neurotransmission in rats of various ages. Systemic administration of phenobarbital (PB, a(More)
AIM The purpose of this study was to provide a quantitative assessment of female rat sexual behaviors after acute exposure to the A-ring reduced testosterone metabolite, androstanediol (3α-Diol), through the nucleus accumbens (NA) shell. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Quantitative analyses of female rat sexual behaviors and assessment of protein levels for the(More)
BACKGROUND Anticonvulsant properties have been attributed to extracts of the herbal medicine Valeriana officinalis. Our aims were to examine the anticonvulsant properties of valerenic acid and valerian extracts and to determine whether valerian preparations interact with the activity of other anti-epileptic drugs (phenytoin or clonazepam). To achieve these(More)
Cocaine sensitization results in the development of increased locomotion and stereotypy. It is accompanied by changes in glutamatergic trasmission that appear to be region-specific. The purpose of this article was to determine the effect(s) of cocaine and prazosin plus cocaine treatments on ionotropic glutamate receptors in rat cerebral cortex (CTX) and(More)
The C57BL/10 SPS/sps mouse mutant are audiogenic seizure-susceptible. The enzymatic activities of glutamate decarboxylase (GAD), GABA aminotransferase (GABA-T), alanine aminotransferase (ALA-T), aspartate aminotransferase (ASP-T), and glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) of whole brain supernatant are significantly reduced in these epileptic mice. GABA uptake is(More)
1. Crude synaptosomes (P2) and synaptosomal membranes were prepared from normal C57/B110 mouse brains and Wistar rats respectively. 2. [3H]Pro binding to mouse brain synaptic membranes was examined in the presence of competitive NMDA antagonist, MK-801, or HA-966. Conversely, the effects of l-proline on [3H]MK-801 binding were also probed. The effects of(More)