Jose Gabriel Venegas

Learn More
It is intended for this research, to provide some basis for the understanding of the rational mechanics of the cranial content. There are many interesting and controversial facts derived from the experimental and clinical-pathological observations of hydrocephalus and increased intracranial pressure. For instance, in some patients a moderate increase of(More)
We present an image functional modeling approach, which synthesizes imaging and mechanical data with anatomically explicit computational models. This approach is utilized to identify the relative importance of small and large airways in the simultaneous deterioration of mechanical function and ventilation in asthma. Positron emission tomographic (PET)(More)
Using positron emission tomography (PET) and intravenously injected (13)N(2), we assessed the topographical distribution of pulmonary perfusion (Q) and ventilation (V) in six healthy, spontaneously breathing subjects in the supine and prone position. In this technique, the intrapulmonary distribution of (13)N(2), measured during a short apnea, is(More)
To assess the interobserver and intraobserver variability in the clinical evaluation of the quasi-static pressure-volume (P-V) curve, we analyzed 24 sets of inflation and deflation P-V curves obtained from patients with ARDS. We used a recently described sigmoidal equation to curve-fit the P-V data sets and objectively define the point of maximum compliance(More)
Asthma is a common disease affecting an increasing number of children throughout the world. In asthma, pulmonary airways narrow in response to contraction of surrounding smooth muscle. The precise nature of functional changes during an acute asthma attack is unclear. The tree structure of the pulmonary airways has been linked to complex behaviour in sudden(More)
Recent PET imaging data from bronchoconstricted sheep (Vidal Melo et al., 2005) showed that V /Q distributions were bimodal and topographically patchy, but including a substantial heterogeneity at scales <2.2 ml. In this paper, we reanalyze the experimental data to establish the contribution of ventilation (V (r)) heterogeneity to the bimodality in V /Q .(More)
INTRODUCTION Leukocyte infiltration is central to the development of acute lung injury, but it is not known how mechanical ventilation strategy alters the distribution or activation of inflammatory cells. We explored how protective (vs. injurious) ventilation alters the magnitude and distribution of lung leukocyte activation following systemic endotoxin(More)
BACKGROUND Imaging studies have demonstrated that ventilation during bronchoconstriction in subjects with asthma is patchy with large ventilation defective areas (Vdefs). Based on a theoretical model, we postulated that during bronchoconstriction, as smooth muscle force activation increases, a patchy distribution of ventilation should emerge, even in the(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a common inherited condition caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CF transmembrane regulator protein. With increased understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying CF and the development of new therapies there comes the need to develop new outcome measures to assess the disease, its progression and response to(More)