Jose Gabriel Venegas

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To assess the interobserver and intraobserver variability in the clinical evaluation of the quasi-static pressure-volume (P-V) curve, we analyzed 24 sets of inflation and deflation P-V curves obtained from patients with ARDS. We used a recently described sigmoidal equation to curve-fit the P-V data sets and objectively define the point of maximum compliance(More)
It is intended for this research, to provide some basis for the understanding of the rational mechanics of the cranial content. There are many interesting and controversial facts derived from the experimental and clinical-pathological observations of hydrocephalus and increased intracranial pressure. For instance, in some patients a moderate increase of(More)
Quantification of pulmonary pressure-volume (P-V) curves is often limited to calculation of specific compliance at a given pressure or the recoil pressure (P) at a given volume (V). These parameters can be substantially different depending on the arbitrary pressure or volume used in the comparison and may lead to erroneous conclusions. We evaluated a(More)
Asthma is a common disease affecting an increasing number of children throughout the world. In asthma, pulmonary airways narrow in response to contraction of surrounding smooth muscle. The precise nature of functional changes during an acute asthma attack is unclear. The tree structure of the pulmonary airways has been linked to complex behaviour in sudden(More)
We present an image functional modeling approach, which synthesizes imaging and mechanical data with anatomically explicit computational models. This approach is utilized to identify the relative importance of small and large airways in the simultaneous deterioration of mechanical function and ventilation in asthma. Positron emission tomographic (PET)(More)
Using positron emission tomography (PET) and intravenously injected (13)N(2), we assessed the topographical distribution of pulmonary perfusion (Q) and ventilation (V) in six healthy, spontaneously breathing subjects in the supine and prone position. In this technique, the intrapulmonary distribution of (13)N(2), measured during a short apnea, is(More)
BACKGROUND Alveolar overdistension and repetitive derecruitment-recruitment contribute to ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). The authors investigated (1) whether inflammatory cell activation due to VILI was assessable by positron emission tomography and (2) whether cell activation due to dynamic overdistension alone was detectable when other(More)
OBJECTIVES To understand when the use of high-frequency ventilation would be advantageous, we formulated the problem of achieving adequate alveolar ventilation at minimal pressure cost by dividing it into two simpler problems: a) the pressure cost per unit of convective oscillatory flow; and b) the convective flow cost necessary to achieve a unit of(More)
UNLABELLED Although it is known that structural and functional changes in the pulmonary vasculature and parenchyma occur in the progress of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), information is limited on early regional perfusion (Q(r)) alterations. METHODS We studied 6 patients with mild or moderate COPD and 9 healthy subjects (6 young and 3(More)
The pattern of a spatial structure that repeats itself independently of the scale of magnification or resolution is often characterized by a fractal dimension (D). Two-dimensional low-pass filtering, which may serve as a method to assess D, was applied to functional images of pulmonary perfusion measured by positron emission tomography. The corner frequency(More)