Jose E Irazuzta

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BACKGROUND The Institute of Medicine calls for the use of clinical guidelines and practice parameters to promote "best practices" and to improve patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE 2007 update of the 2002 American College of Critical Care Medicine Clinical Guidelines for Hemodynamic Support of Neonates and Children with Septic Shock. PARTICIPANTS Society of(More)
Brain injury due to bacterial meningitis affects multiple areas of the brain with a heterogeneous distribution generating a challenge to assess severity. Tau proteins are microtubular binding proteins localized in the axonal compartment of neurons. Brain injury releases cleaved Tau proteins (C-tau) into the extracellular space where they are transported to(More)
OBJECTIVES Septic shock (SS) is a frequent cause for admission to the pediatric intensive care unit, requiring prompt recognition and intervention to improve outcome. Our aim is to review the relevant literature related to the diagnosis and management of SS and present a sequential management for its treatment. SOURCES Non-systematic review of medical(More)
Brain injury due to bacterial meningitis results in a high mortality rate and significant neurologic sequelae in survivors. The objective of this study was to determine if the application of moderate hypothermia shortly after the administration of antibiotics would attenuate the inflammatory response and increase in intracranial pressure that occurs in(More)
Objective. The optimal management of pediatric patients with arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) is not known. Despite this, goal-oriented, time-sensitive therapies geared to rapid reestablishment of arterial blood flow are occasionally applied with beneficial effects. The inconsistent approach to AIS is in part due to a lack of knowledge and preparedness.(More)
The excitatory neurotransmitters glutamate (GLU) and aspartate (ASP) are involved in the pathogenesis of neuronal injury in meningitis. Based on past findings that the induction of moderate hypothermia (32-34 degrees C) attenuates the release of GLU in ischemic brain injury, this study was designed to detect if the application of moderate hypothermia(More)
OBJECTIVE We determined whether the bedside assessment of the optic nerve sheath diameter could identify elevated intracranial pressure in individuals with suspected idiopathic intracranial hypertension. METHODS This was a single-center, prospective, rater-blinded study performed in a freestanding pediatric teaching hospital. Patients aged 12 to 18 years(More)
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