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PicoGreen is a fluorescent probe that binds dsDNA and forms a highly luminescent complex when compared to the free dye in solution. This unique probe is widely used in DNA quantitation assays but has limited application in biophysical analysis of DNA and DNA-protein systems due to limited knowledge pertaining to its physical properties and characteristics(More)
A1 is a core protein of the eukaryotic heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein complex and is under study here as a prototype single-stranded nucleic acid-binding protein. A1 is a two-domain protein, NH2-terminal and COOH-terminal, with highly conserved primary structure among vertebrate homologues sequenced to date. It is well documented that the(More)
PicoGreen (PG) is a fluorescent probe for both double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) detection and quantification based on its ability to form a luminescent complex with dsDNA as compared with the free dye in solution. To expand the sensitivity of PG detection, we have studied the spectral properties of PG, both free and in complex with DNA in solution, when the(More)
HIV-1 nucleocapsid protein (NCp7) is a double zinc-fingered protein that has been traditionally implicated in viral RNA recognition and packaging, in addition to its tight association with genomic RNA and tRNA primer within the virion nucleocapsid. The availability of large quantities of viral or recombinant wild-type NCp7 and mutant p7 has made possible(More)
The sequence-specific DNA binding of recombinant p42 and p51 ETS1 oncoprotein was examined quantitatively to determine whether the loss of the Exon VII phosphorylation domain in p42 ETS1 or the phosphorylation of expressed Exon VII in p51 ETS1 had an effect on DNA binding activity. The kinetics of sequence-specific DNA binding was measured using real-time(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a heparin-binding, multipotent growth factor that transduces a wide range of biological signals, including mitogenesis, motogenesis, and morphogenesis. Heparin or closely related heparan sulfate has profound effects on HGF signaling. A heparin-binding site in the N-terminal (N) domain of HGF was proposed on the basis of the(More)
The 8- and 31-kDa fragments of beta-polymerase, prepared by controlled proteolysis as described (Kumar, A., Widen, S. G., Williams, K. R., Kedar, P., Karpel, R. L., and Wilson, S. H. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 2124-2131), constitute domains that are structurally and functionally dissimilar. There is little disruption of secondary structure upon proteolysis(More)
We have identified a single tryptophan (Trp) residue responsible for loss of binding and biological activity upon ultraviolet (UV) light irradiation in MEDI-493, a humanized monoclonal antibody (MAb) against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). This finding provides a better understanding of structure-function relationship in a 150-kDa protein. Irradiation of(More)
Assembly of infectious retroviral particles involves recognition of specific sequences on the viral RNA by the nucleocapsid (NC) domain of the Gag polyprotein, and subsequent stoichiometric binding of the processed NC protein along the entire length of the RNA. NC proteins also act as nucleic acid chaperones. They accelerate nucleic acid hybridization and(More)
With a view toward further understanding the structure-function relationships of the eukaryotic heterogeneous ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) A1, and in particular its multiplicity of nucleic acid-interactive domains, we have studied the nucleic acid binding properties of the globular N-domain (UP1) and sequence-repetitive, flexible C-domain, the thermal(More)