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PicoGreen is a fluorescent probe that binds dsDNA and forms a highly luminescent complex when compared to the free dye in solution. This unique probe is widely used in DNA quantitation assays but has limited application in biophysical analysis of DNA and DNA-protein systems due to limited knowledge pertaining to its physical properties and characteristics(More)
PicoGreen (PG) is a fluorescent probe for both double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) detection and quantification based on its ability to form a luminescent complex with dsDNA as compared with the free dye in solution. To expand the sensitivity of PG detection, we have studied the spectral properties of PG, both free and in complex with DNA in solution, when the(More)
HIV-1 nucleocapsid protein (NCp7) is a double zinc-fingered protein that has been traditionally implicated in viral RNA recognition and packaging, in addition to its tight association with genomic RNA and tRNA primer within the virion nucleocapsid. The availability of large quantities of viral or recombinant wild-type NCp7 and mutant p7 has made possible(More)
A1 is a core protein of the eukaryotic heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein complex and is under study here as a prototype single-stranded nucleic acid-binding protein. A1 is a two-domain protein, NH2-terminal and COOH-terminal, with highly conserved primary structure among vertebrate homologues sequenced to date. It is well documented that the(More)
We have analyzed the binding of recombinant human immunodeficiency virus type 1 nucleocapsid protein (NC) to very short oligonucleotides by using surface plasmon resonance (SPR) technology. Our experiments, which were conducted at a moderate salt concentration (0.15 M NaCl), showed that NC binds more stably to runs of d(G) than to other DNA homopolymers.(More)
We have identified a single tryptophan (Trp) residue responsible for loss of binding and biological activity upon ultraviolet (UV) light irradiation in MEDI-493, a humanized monoclonal antibody (MAb) against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). This finding provides a better understanding of structure-function relationship in a 150-kDa protein. Irradiation of(More)
Assembly of infectious retroviral particles involves recognition of specific sequences on the viral RNA by the nucleocapsid (NC) domain of the Gag polyprotein, and subsequent stoichiometric binding of the processed NC protein along the entire length of the RNA. NC proteins also act as nucleic acid chaperones. They accelerate nucleic acid hybridization and(More)
The Gag polyprotein of HIV-1 is essential for retroviral replication and packaging. The nucleocapsid (NC) protein is the primary region for the interaction of Gag with nucleic acids. In this study, we examine the interactions of Gag and its NC cleavage products (NCp15, NCp9 and NCp7) with nucleic acids using solution and single molecule experiments. The NC(More)
The three-dimensional solution structure of circulin A, a 30 residue polypeptide from the African plant Chassalia parvifolia, has been determined using two-dimensional 1H-NMR spectroscopy. Circulin A was originally identified based upon its inhibition of the cytopathic effects and replication of the human immunodeficiency virus. Structural restraints(More)
Virion-derived HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) has subunits of molecular mass 66 and 51 kDa (p66 and p51, respectively) in an approximately 1:1 ratio. Since enzyme activity appears to depend on dimerization of these subunits, identification of critical regions of primary sequence required for proper dimerization could lead to potential targets for(More)