Jose C. Navarro

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BACKGROUND The electronic Schizophrenia Treatment Adherence Registry (e-STAR) is a prospective, observational study of patients with schizophrenia designed to evaluate long-term treatment outcomes in routine clinical practice. METHODS Parameters were assessed at baseline and at 3 month intervals for 2 years in patients initiated on risperidone long-acting(More)
UNLABELLED Rationale Traditional Chinese Medications(TCM) have been reported to have beneficial effects in stroke patients, but were not rigorously evaluated by GCP standards. Aim This study tests the hypothesis that Neuroaid, a TCM widely used in China post-stroke, is superior to placebo in reducing neurological deficit and improving functional outcome in(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have suggested that any benefits of folic acid-based therapy to lower serum homocysteine in prevention of cardiovascular events might be offset by concomitant use of antiplatelet therapy. We aimed to establish whether there is an interaction between antiplatelet therapy and the effects of folic acid-based homocysteine-lowering(More)
Stroke is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Asia, and its pattern is changing. The incidence of haemorrhagic stroke is declining while the incidence of ischaemic stroke caused by large artery atherothromboembolism is increasing secondary to an increase in the prevalence of hypercholesterolaemia. The Working Group on Stroke and Lipids Management in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE High plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) has been associated with cognitive impairment but lowering tHcy with B-vitamins has produced equivocal results. We aimed to determine whether B-vitamin supplementation would reduce tHcy and the incidence of new cognitive impairment among individuals with stroke or transient ischemic attack≥6(More)
Aim. We aimed to assess the efficacy of MLC601 on functional recovery in patients given MLC601 after an ischemic stroke. Methods. This is a retrospective cohort study comparing poststroke patients given open-label MLC601 (n = 30; 9 female) for three months and matching patients who did not receive MLC601 from our Stroke Data Bank. Outcome assessed was(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To determine the effect of B vitamin treatment on the incidence of cancer among patients with stroke or transient ischemic attack. METHODS A total of 8164 patients with recent stroke or transient ischemic attack were randomly allocated to double-blind treatment with 1 tablet daily of placebo or B vitamins (2 mg folic acid, 25 mg(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological studies suggest that raised plasma concentrations of total homocysteine (tHcy) may be a common, causal and treatable risk factor for atherothromboembolic ischaemic stroke, dementia and depression. Although tHcy can be lowered effectively with small doses of folic acid, vitamin B(12) and vitamin B(6), it is not known whether(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE It was the aim of this study to systematically review available literature on the accuracy of transcranial Doppler (TCD) compared with angiography for the diagnosis of > or =50% middle cerebral artery stenosis in patients with transient ischemic attack or ischemic stroke. METHODS We performed a systematic review that included(More)
BACKGROUND International Consensus Criteria (ICC) consider right-to-left shunt (RLS) present when Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detects even one microbubble (microB). Spencer Logarithmic Scale (SLS) offers more grades of RLS with detection of >30 microB corresponding to a large shunt. We compared the yield of ICC and SLS in detection and quantification of a(More)