Jose Americo Fernandes Filho

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Motor threshold is a means of quantifying stimulus in transcranial magnetic stimulation. Two methods are used. One involves neurophysiology techniques and the other is visualization of movement. The aim was to compare the percentage of total machine output (PTMO) necessary to achieve motor threshold using these different methods. Neurophysiological and(More)
OBJECTIVE Spinal muscular atrophies (SMAs) are hereditary disorders characterized by weakness from degeneration of spinal motor neurons. Although most SMA cases with proximal weakness are recessively inherited, rare families with dominant inheritance have been reported. We aimed to clinically, pathologically, and genetically characterize a large North(More)
Abstract In a multicenter study of newly diagnosed ALS patients without a reported family history of ALS, we are prospectively investigating whether markers of oxidative stress (OS) are associated with disease progression. Methods utilize an extensive structured telephone interview ascertaining environmental, lifestyle, dietary and psychological risk(More)
We describe a large family with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) caused by an I113T mutation in superoxide dismuatse type 1 (SOD1). The proband developed symptoms typical for ALS at age 39 years and is still walking five years later. Marked phenotypic variability is manifested by her mother with onset of gait difficulty and decision-making problems at(More)
INTRODUCTION We evaluated incorporation of the quantitative sudomotor axon reflex test (QSART) into the diagnostic criteria for small fiber neuropathy (SFN) as an addition to quantitative sensory testing (QST) and intraepidermal nerve fiber density (IENFD) testing. METHODS One hundred one patients with clinically suspected SFN underwent QSART, QST, and(More)
Hypertension-induced encephalopathy is a recognized pathological process commonly focused in the parietal and occipital lobes of the cerebral hemispheres. The parenchyma of the posterior fossa is infrequently involved. The authors report on two cases of isolated edema of the cerebellar hemispheres, which occurred in the setting of hypertensive crisis and(More)
The lumbrical-interossei comparison study is commonly employed in the electrodiagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome. Placement of the recording electrodes relies on anatomic landmarks as the muscles being recorded cannot be seen or palpated. To determine the optimal active electrode location, 15 controls and 5 patients were studied using a grid of 12(More)
We report the case of a 13-year-old boy with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus who developed severe diabetic amyotrophy, which progressed over a few months but demonstrated rapid recovery after administration of intravenous immunoglobulin. This report highlights the importance of monitoring adolescents for even the rare neurologic complications of(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between the autonomic reflex screening test (ARS) and measures of sensory function and structure (quantitative sensory testing (QST) and intraepidermal nerve fiber density (IENFD)) remains uncertain in patients with distal small fiber neuropathy (SFN). The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlations among a range of(More)