Joscph J. Cech

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Measurements of flow patterns and water velocities inside the oral cavity of blackfish (Orthodon microlepidotus), made with a fiberoptic endoscope and thermistor flow probe, revealed that gill-arch structures act in blackfish as barriers that direct particle-laden water to the mucus-covered roof of the oral cavity, where particles are retained. Gill-arch(More)
To quantify the salinity preference of juvenile green sturgeon Acipenser medirostris, two groups of A. medirostris [140 days post hatch (dph); total length (L(T) ) 38.0-52.5 cm] were acclimated to either near fresh water (mean ± s.e. salinity = 3.2 ± 0.6) or full-strength salt water (34.1 ± 1.2) over 8 weeks. Following acclimation, the two groups were(More)
Mosquitofish are widely used for biological control of mosquito larvae in rice fields, but the presence of different types of vegetation or alternative arthropod prey affects the performance of the fish. Feeding experiments were conducted in 4 rice field vegetation zones. Overall, predation was maximal in young and mature rice, moderate in the submerged(More)
In California’s Sacramento-San Joaquin estuary, environmental protection and habitat restoration efforts directed at a threatened native osmerid, the delta smelt (Hypomesus transpacificus), are complicated by the presence of a morphologically similar non-native congener, the wakasagi (H. nipponensis), transported to the estuary from upstream reservoirs. In(More)
Mosquitofish, Sacramento blackfish, or combinations of both species were stocked in experimental paddies. Cultured Culex tarsalis larvae, stocked weekly into each paddy, and wild Anopheles freeborni larvae were counted by dipping. At the end of the 12 week experiment, paddies were drained and the remaining fish and visible invertebrates counted. Data show(More)
We compared the abilities of pupfish, mosquitofish and guppies to control mosquitoes in wastewater marshes. All species of fish reduced mosquito emergence. When fish population densities were similar, fish reduced emergence to similar levels. As experiments progressed, guppies developed greater population densities and provided better mosquito control than(More)
'The critical swimming velocity (U,,,) of four California stream fishes, hardhead, Mylopharodon cor~ocephnlus. hitch, Luvinitr crilicrr~rrlu, Sacramento pikeminnmv, Ptychodleil~rs grandis, and Sacramento sucker, Catostontr~s uccirlt.rrtulis was measured at 10, 15, and 20'C. Hardliead, Sacramento sucker, and Sacramento pikeminnow swim~n ing performances(More)
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