Learn More
During meiotic prophase in male mammals, the X and Y chromosomes are incorporated in the XY body. This heterochromatic body is transcriptionally silenced and marked by increased ubiquitination of histone H2A. This led us to investigate the relationship between histone H2A ubiquitination and chromatin silencing in more detail. First, we found that(More)
During fetal development, anti-müllerian hormone (AMH) is produced only by Sertoli cells, but postnatally, granulosa cells also produce this peptide growth/differentiation factor. We recently identified a candidate AMH type II receptor (AMHRII). In the present study, postnatal ovarian AMH and AMHRII messenger RNA (mRNA) expression was studied by in situ(More)
The activin and TGF-beta type II receptors are members of a separate subfamily of transmembrane receptors with intrinsic protein kinase activity, which also includes the recently cloned TGF-beta type I receptor. We have isolated and characterized a cDNA clone (C14) encoding a new member of this subfamily. The domain structure of the C14-encoded protein(More)
Male infertility in HR6B knockout mice is associated with impairment of spermatogenesis. The HR6B gene is a mammalian, autosomal homolog of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae gene Rad6 encoding a ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme. In addition, X-chromosomal HR6A has been identified, in human and mouse. RAD6 in yeast is required for a variety of cellular functions,(More)
The X-chromosomal gene glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6pd) is known to be expressed in most cell types of mammalian species. In the mouse, we have detected a novel gene, designated G6pd-2, encoding a G6PD isoenzyme. G6pd-2 does not contain introns and appears to represent a retroposed gene. This gene is uniquely transcribed in postmeiotic spermatogenic(More)
During meiotic prophase in male mammals, the heterologous X and Y chromosomes remain largely unsynapsed, and meiotic sex chromosome inactivation (MSCI) leads to formation of the transcriptionally silenced XY body. In birds, the heterogametic sex is female, carrying Z and W chromosomes (ZW), whereas males have the homogametic ZZ constitution. During chicken(More)
The ubiquitin-conjugating yeast enzyme RAD6 and its human homologs hHR6A and hHR6B are implicated in postreplication repair and damage-induced mutagenesis. The yeast protein is also required for sporulation and may modulate chromatin structure via histone ubiquitination. We report the phenotype of the first animal mutant in the ubiquitin pathway:(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae RAD6 protein is required for a surprising diversity of cellular processes, including sporulation and replicational damage bypass of DNA lesions. In mammals, two RAD6-related genes, HR6A and HR6B, encode highly homologous proteins. Here, we describe the phenotype of cells and mice deficient for the mHR6A gene. Just like mHR6B(More)
The testicular gene expression of the retinoic acid receptors, RAR alpha, -beta, and -gamma, was studied in normal mice and in vitamin A-deficient mice after the administration of all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA). All three types of RARs were expressed in normal and/or vitamin A-deficient testes. Only the expression of RAR beta messenger RNA was transiently(More)
RAD6, a member of the expanding family of ubiquitin-conjugating (E2) enzymes, functions in the so-called "N-rule" protein breakdown pathway of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In vitro, the protein can attach one or multiple ubiquitin (Ub) moieties to histones H2A and B and trigger their E3-dependent degradation. Rad6 mutants display a remarkably pleiotropic(More)