Jos Vermylen

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Human aortic endothelial cells (HAEC) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were labeled with 35SO(4)2- for 48 h. The membrane-associated proteoglycans were solubilized from these monolayers with detergent and purified by ion-exchange chromatography on Mono Q, incorporation in liposomes, and gel filtration. The liposome-intercalated(More)
We have generated transgenic mice overexpressing the human P2X(1) ion channel in the megakaryocytic cell lineage. Platelets from transgenic mice exhibited a gain of P2X(1) ionotropic activity as determined by more prominent P2X(1)-mediated Ca(2+) influx and platelet shape change. P2X(1) overexpression enhanced platelet secretion and aggregation evoked by(More)
Thromboxane synthase inhibition can lead to two opposing effects: accumulation of proaggregatory cyclic endoperoxides and increased formation of antiaggregatory PGI2 and PGD2. The elimination of the effects of the cyclic endoperoxides by an endoperoxide-thromboxane A2 receptor antagonist should enhance the inhibition of hemostasis by thromboxane synthase(More)
This review article describes the different receptors, second-messengers and mechanisms involved in platelet activation. Several platelet agonists have well-defined receptors at the platelet membrane of which a number are single polypeptides with 7 hydrophobic transmembrane domains. These receptors are connected, via GTP regulatory proteins, with(More)
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and its stable analog, alpha,beta-methylene ATP, activate the platelet P2X(1) ion channel, causing a rapid Ca(++) influx. Here, we show that, in washed apyrase-treated platelets, alpha,beta-methylene ATP elicits reversible extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 (ERK2) phosphorylation through a Ca(++)- and protein kinase(More)
The function of thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) in hemostasis was investigated in wild-type (WT) and Tsp1-/- mice, via dynamic platelet interaction studies with A23187-stimulated mesenteric endothelium and with photochemically injured cecum subendothelium. Injected calcein-labeled WT platelets tethered or firmly adhered to almost all A23187-stimulated blood(More)
Picotamide (G137 or N,N'-bis[3-picolyl]-4-methoxy-isophtalamide), a drug which has shown platelet inhibitory effects in vitro and ex vivo, was investigated for its mechanism of action on human platelets in vitro. This compound suppresses the aggregation of human platelets induced by arachidonic acid (IC50: 1.8 x 10(-5) M), low-dose collagen (IC50: 3.5 x(More)
The development of an immune response towards factor VIII (fVIII) remains a major complication for hemophilia A patients receiving fVIII infusions. The design of a specific therapy to restore unresponsiveness to fVIII has been hampered by the diversity of the anti-fVIII antibody. Molecular analysis of the specific immune response is therefore required. To(More)
Short-term increases in particulate air pollution are associated with increased incidence of cardiovascular events. Previously, we showed that intratracheally instilled diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) are prothrombotic. Here, we investigated the time course and the mechanisms. At 1, 6, and 24 hours after instillation of 50 microg DEPs per hamster, the mean(More)