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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to localize and to investigate response properties of the primary (SI) and the secondary (SII) somatosensory cortex upon median nerve electrical stimulation. METHODS Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to quantify brain activation under different paradigms using electrical median nerve stimulation in(More)
Small fiber neuropathy (SFN) is a neuropathy selectively involving small diameter myelinated and unmyelinated nerve fibers. Interest in this disorder has considerably increased during the past few years. It is often idiopathic and typically presents with peripheral pain and/or symptoms of autonomic dysfunction. Diagnosis is made on the basis of the clinical(More)
With a newly developed infrared reflection technique, voluntary saccadic eye movements (VOLS), visually evoked saccades (VES) and unsuppressed visually evoked reflex saccades (USVERS) were measured in 11 patients with Huntington's chorea. Abnormalities, including latency increase, peak velocity decrease and undershoot dysmetria with multiple step saccades(More)
BACKGROUND A randomized trial was performed to assess the effect of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) on detection and pain thresholds for pressure, warmth, and cold and on the extent of mechanical hyperalgesia in patients with chronic complex regional pain syndrome type I. METHODS Fifty-four chronic complex regional pain syndrome type I patients were(More)
Some patients with sarcoidosis have unexplained pain and dysaesthesia. We did quantitative sensory testing in 31 sarcoidosis patients with pain or autonomic dysfunction. 25 patients had reduced warmth sensitivity, cold sensitivity, or both. Intraepidermal nerve fibre density (IENFD) was measured in punch biopsy skin samples in seven consecutive patients.(More)
The paper deals with the initiation of visually guided saccades, in order to break down the saccadic reaction time into functionally different periods of time. It takes into account that spatial processing of information is so basic that modelling of saccadic control properties should include spatio-temporal arrangements. The output signal of the saccadic(More)
Horizontal saccadic and smooth pursuit eye movements were studied in 84 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and 21 patients with optic neuritis (ON). The MS patients were clinically classified as 'definite', 'probable', or 'possible'; subclinical eye movement disorder was found in 80 per cent of the definite, 74 per cent of the probable and 60 per cent of(More)
The development of new patterns of postural control in patients with a complete thoracic spinal cord injury (SCI) during their active clinical rehabilitation was studied. Especially the role of non-postural muscles, like the latissimus dorsi (LD) and the trapezius pars ascendens (TPA), in maintaining and restoring sitting balance during standardized(More)
Cerebral autoregulation controls cerebral blood flow under changing cerebral perfusion pressure. Standards for measurement and analysis of dynamic cerebral autoregulation (dCA) are lacking. In this study, dCA reproducibility, quantified by intraclass correlation coefficient, is evaluated for different methodological approaches of transfer function analysis(More)