Jos M. H. Raats

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Xklp1 is a novel Xenopus kinesin-like protein with a motor domain at the amino terminus, nuclear localization sequences in the stalk, and a putative zinc finger-like sequence in the tail. It is nuclear during interphase and chromosomal during mitosis. During late anaphase, a fraction of the protein relocalizes to the spindle interzone and accumulates in the(More)
Rpp20 and Rpp25 are subunits of the human RNase MRP and RNase P endoribonucleases belonging to the Alba superfamily of nucleic acid binding proteins. These proteins, which bind very strongly to each other, transiently associate with RNase MRP. Here, we show that the Rpp20-Rpp25 heterodimer is resistant to both high concentrations of salt and a nonionic(More)
Peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD) enzymes catalyze the conversion of arginine residues in proteins to citrulline residues. Citrulline is a non-standard amino acid that is not incorporated in proteins during translation, but can be generated post-translationally by the PAD enzymes. Although the existence of citrulline residues in proteins has been known for a(More)
To extend our knowledge of the functions of desmin and vimentin intermediate filaments in the developing organism, a construct encoding a truncated desmin subunit driven by the desmin promoter (pDDV), was introduced into the murine germ line. The resulting mutant desmin subunit was assembly-incompetent and capable of disrupting both preexisting desmin and(More)
Modifications occurring on autoantigens during cell death have been proposed to have a role in the initiation of autoimmune diseases. Patients suffering from mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) produce autoantibodies directed to U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP), and antibodies against a 70 kDa protein component, the U1-70K (70K) protein, are(More)
In embryos of X. laevis, and many other species, early development requires targeted movements of molecules and molecular aggregates within the oocyte or egg cytoplasm. One well-known example in Xenopus is the aggregation of germ plasm, a group of cytoplasmic islands that become distributed during the first few cell cycles to cells that will give rise to(More)
Using a vimentin-free expression system we were able to demonstrate that the carboxy terminus of desmin is necessary for filament assembly in the living cell. Desmin subunits missing only 4 carboxy-terminal residues of their rod domain are incapable of homopolymeric filament assembly. Moreover, even single amino acid substitutions in the conserved(More)
The exosome is a complex of 3'-->5' exoribonucleases which is involved in many RNA metabolic processes. To regulate these functions distinct proteins are believed to recruit the exosome to specific substrate RNAs. Here, we demonstrate that M-phase phosphoprotein 6 (MPP6), a protein reported previously to co-purify with the TAP-tagged human exosome,(More)
OBJECTIVE Antibodies directed toward citrullinated proteins (e.g., anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies) are highly specific for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and are produced locally at the site of inflammation. Although the presence of citrullinated proteins in rheumatoid synovium has been described in the literature, it is uncertain whether their(More)
Autoantibodies to the ribosomal phospho (-P) proteins P0, P1, and P2, collectively referred to as Rib-P, are specifically found in 10–40% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). These antibodies are believed to be correlated with lupus nephritis, hepatitis, and central nervous system involvement. The major immunoreactive epitope of these(More)