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Cardiac rupture is a fatal complication of acute myocardial infarction lacking treatment. Here, acute myocardial infarction resulted in rupture in wild-type mice and in mice lacking tissue-type plasminogen activator, urokinase receptor, matrix metalloproteinase stromelysin-1 or metalloelastase. Instead, deficiency of urokinase-type plasminogen activator(More)
The effects of 7-nitroindazole, a putative selective inhibitor of neuronal nitric oxide (NO) synthase and zaprinast, a cGMP-selective phosphodiesterase inhibitor, were evaluated on recognition memory of rats in the object recognition test. This test is based on the differential exploration of a new and a familiar object. Two doses of 7-nitroindazole (10 and(More)
Control of blood pressure and of blood flow is essential for maintenance of homeostasis. The hemodynamic state is adjusted by intrinsic, neural, and hormonal mechanisms to optimize adaptation to internal and environmental challenges. In the last decade, many studies showed that modification of the mouse genome may alter the capacity of cardiovascular(More)
Increased activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) has been implicated in numerous disease processes, including tumor growth and metastasis, arthritis, and periodontal disease. It is now becoming increasingly clear that extracellular matrix degradation by MMPs is also involved in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease, including atherosclerosis,(More)
Deletion of amino-acid residues 1505-1507 (KPQ) in the cardiac SCN5A Na(+) channel causes autosomal dominant prolongation of the electrocardiographic QT interval (long-QT syndrome type 3 or LQT3). Excessive prolongation of the action potential at low heart rates predisposes individuals with LQT3 to fatal arrhythmias, typically at rest or during sleep. Here(More)
The plasminogen system plays an important role in the proteolytic degradation of extracellular matrices during wound healing. In the present study we investigated the impact of the plasminogen system on cardiac wound healing and function after myocardial infarction. Myocardial infarction was induced in plasminogen-deficient mice (Plg-/-) and in wild-type(More)
Afferent nerves from the kidney and mesentery reflexly influence the cardiovascular system when activated. To examine the specificity of these reflexes, comparisons were made of the regional hemodynamic responses elicited by intra-arterial infusion of various agents into the renal (ir) and mesenteric (im) circulation. Experiments were performed in conscious(More)
BACKGROUND The AT1 receptor has been implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension and atherosclerosis. Estrogen deficiency is also associated with cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, we examined the AT1 receptor gene expression in ovariectomized rats with and without estrogen replacement therapy and the influence of estrogen on AT1 receptor expression in(More)
Beta-catenin is a protein involved in cell-cell adhesion and proliferation. In neoplastic diseases, defects in the regulation of the cellular beta-catenin content and cytoplasmic accumulation of the protein contribute to the uncontrolled cell proliferation and migration. Whether beta-catenin plays a role in the controlled proliferative and migratory(More)