Jos F. M. Smits

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The effects of 7-nitroindazole, a putative selective inhibitor of neuronal nitric oxide (NO) synthase and zaprinast, a cGMP-selective phosphodiesterase inhibitor, were evaluated on recognition memory of rats in the object recognition test. This test is based on the differential exploration of a new and a familiar object. Two doses of 7-nitroindazole (10 and(More)
Deletion of amino-acid residues 1505–1507 (KPQ) in the cardiac SCN5A Na+ channel causes autosomal dominant prolongation of the electrocardiographic QT interval (long-QT syndrome type 3 or LQT3). Excessive prolongation of the action potential at low heart rates predisposes individuals with LQT3 to fatal arrhythmias, typically at rest or during sleep. Here we(More)
Myocardial infarction results in the formation of granulation tissue in the injured ventricular wall. This tissue contains myofibroblasts in highly organized arrays; their contractile properties may help to prevent the infarct area from dilatation. The mechanisms that control myofibroblast alignment are unknown. We found that myofibroblasts express a(More)
Frizzled 2 acts as a 7-transmembrane receptor in the Wnt-Dishevelled signal transduction cascade. Among others, this cascade has been associated with neural crest cell proliferation and early migration during development in mammals. The genes for some components of this cascade are located in chromosomal regions that are deleted in human syndromes(More)
BACKGROUND The intracardiac conversion rate of angiotensin (Ang) I to Ang II and the expression of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) mRNA are amplified in rat hearts with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). To examine whether the accelerated intracardiac Ang II generation in LVH is related to an induction of cardiac ACE, we studied localization and(More)
N-Acetyl-Ser-Asp-Lys-Pro (AcSDKP) is a specific substrate for the N-terminal site of ACE and increases 5-fold during ACE inhibitor therapy. It is known to inhibit the proliferation of hematopoietic stem cells and has also recently been reported to inhibit the growth of cardiac fibroblasts. We investigated its mode of action in cardiac fibroblasts by(More)
Recent developments in our knowledge of the renin‐angiotensin system (RAS) necessitate an update of the classical view on this system. These developments pertain to the pathways leading to formation of angiotensin II and other active metabolites, their receptors, biological functions and the presence of renin‐angiotensin systems in tissues. The implications(More)
The cardiovascular actions of the synthetic natriuretic peptide, atriopeptin II, were examined in conscious unrestrained spontaneously hypertensive rats and normotensive WistarKyoto rats. The animals were chronically instrumented with miniaturized pulsed Doppler flow probes to allow measurement of regional blood flow, or with an electromagnetic flow probe(More)
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