Jos De Braekeleer

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Chitosan microparticles as carriers for GRA-1 protein vaccine were prepared and characterized with respect to loading efficiency and GRA-1 stability after short-term storage. Chitosan nanoparticles as carriers for GRA-1 pDNA vaccine were prepared and characterized with respect to size, zeta potential, and protection of the pDNA vaccine against degradation(More)
C57BL/6, C3H, and BALB/c mice were vaccinated with plasmids encoding Toxoplasma gondii antigens GRA1, GRA7, and ROP2, previously described as strong inducers of immunity. Seroconversion for the relevant antigen was obtained in the majority of the animals. T. gondii lysate stimulated specific T-cell proliferation and secretion of gamma interferon (IFN-gamma)(More)
In order to investigate the role of microfilaments in the crawling movements of lymphoid cells, we have analyzed the effects of botulinum C2 toxin and of cytochalasin D (cytoD) on the actin cytoskeleton and on the motility of a BW5147 T-lymphoma-derived cell line. Actin was ADP-ribosylated by C2 toxin in the living cells, and this resulted in a time and(More)
The aim of our study was to investigate whether the level of actin polymerization plays a role in the motile and tissue infiltrating behavior of malignant lymphoma cells. For a panel of cell lines derived from the murine BW5147 T-cell lymphoma, we had previously shown a correlation between experimental metastasis formation and in vitro monolayer invasion.(More)
C3 exoenzyme from Clostridium botulinum ADP-ribosylates the small GTP-binding protein Rho with a high specificity. The use of C3 has shown that Rho-mediated signaling is involved in the regulation of actin-dependent processes in various cell types. In order to investigate the role of Rho-proteins in lymphocyte crawling, we have analyzed the effects of C3 on(More)
The immunogenicity of a DNA free herpes simplex subunit vaccine was evaluated in chimpanzees and rabbits. The results clearly demonstrate that 1 injection of 3 micrograms/kg elicited antibodies as well as cell-mediated immunity in all the animals studied. These antibodies persisted for at least 6 months. Furthermore the vaccine also protected 50% of the(More)
We have identified a novel 529bp fragment that is repeated 200- to 300-fold in the genome of Toxoplasma gondii. This 529bp fragment was utilised for the development of a very sensitive and specific PCR for diagnostic purposes, and a quantitative competitive-PCR for the evaluation of cyst numbers in the brains of chronically infected mice. The 529bp fragment(More)
Protective immunity against Toxoplasma gondii is known to be mediated mainly by T lymphocytes and gamma interferon (IFN-gamma). The contribution of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T-lymphocyte subsets to protective immune responses against T. gondii infection, triggered by a GRA1 (p24) DNA vaccine, was assessed in this study. In vitro T-cell depletion experiments(More)
ESb and BW-O-Li1 are T-lymphoma cell lines that form metastases in various organs after injection into syngeneic mice. In vitro, both cell lines invade through a fibroblastic monolayer, but ESb cells do so much slower than BW-O-Li1. By the use of Fourier analysis of cell outlines, we can relate this difference in invasiveness to a difference in cell(More)
Pertussis toxin is known to elicit lymphocytosis in whooping cough patients and experimental animals, by blocking the extravasation of lymphocytes and stimulating their release from lymphoid organs such as the thymus. The mechanisms responsible for these unique effects of PT are not fully understood. The effect of pertussis toxin (PT) on the invasive(More)