Josẻ Courty

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Recent studies have implicated the involvement of cell surface forms of nucleolin in tumor growth. In this study, we investigated whether a synthetic ligand of cell-surface nucleolin known as N6L could exert antitumor activity. We found that N6L inhibits the anchorage-dependent and independent growth of tumor cell lines and that it also hampers(More)
We have previously described the purification of a heparin binding growth factor from adult bovine brain named heparin affin regulatory peptide (HARP), which was identical to an uterus derived growth factor named pleiotrophin and to a developmentally regulated neurite promoting factor named heparin-binding growth associated molecule. However, for yet(More)
HARP (heparin affin regulatory peptide) is a growth factor displaying high affinity for heparin. In the present work, we studied the ability of human recombinant HARP as well as its two terminal peptides (HARP residues 1-21 and residues 121-139) to promote angiogenesis. HARP stimulates endothelial cell tube formation on matrigel, collagen and fibrin gels,(More)
BACKGROUND Emerging evidences suggest that nucleolin expressed on the cell surface is implicated in growth of tumor cells and angiogenesis. Nucleolin is one of the major proteins of the nucleolus, but it is also expressed on the cell surface where is serves as a binding protein for variety of ligands implicated in cell proliferation, differentiation,(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) exert both pro- and antiangiogenic functions by the release of cytokines or proteolytically generated angiogenic inhibitors from extracellular matrix and basement membrane remodeling. In the Mmp2-/- mouse neovascularization is greatly reduced, but the mechanistic aspects of this remain unclear. Using isotope-coded affinity(More)
In a previous study, we showed that in situ injection of glycosaminoglycan mimetics called RGTAs (ReGeneraTing Agents) enhanced neovascularization after skeletal muscular ischemia (Desgranges, P., Barbaud, C., Caruelle, J. P., Barritault, D., and Gautron, J. (1999) FASEB J. 13, 761-766). In the present study, we showed that the RGTA OTR4120 modulated(More)
A growth factor was isolated from a neutral pH extract of adult bovine brain. Purification of this polypeptide was achieved by a three step procedure including cationic exchange, heparin-Sepharose affinity and Mono S chromatography. This heparin binding protein had a molecular weight of 18,000 as assessed by silver-stained SDS-PAGE and was not(More)
The growth factor pleiotrophin (PTN) has been reported to bind heparan sulfate and nucleolin, two components of the cell surface implicated in the attachment of HIV-1 particles to cells. Here we show that PTN inhibits HIV-1 infection by its capacity to inhibit HIV-1 particle attachment to the surface of permissive cells. The beta-sheet domains of PTN appear(More)
To better understand the particular vulnerability of mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons to toxins or gene mutations causing parkinsonism, we have taken advantage of a primary cell culture system in which these neurons die selectively. Antimitotic agents, such as cytosine arabinoside or cAMP, prevent the death of the neurons by arresting astrocyte(More)
Heparin affin regulatory peptide (HARP) is a 18-kDa heparin-binding polypeptide that is highly expressed in developing tissues and in several primary human tumors. It seems to play a key role in cellular growth and differentiation. In vitro, HARP displays mitogenic, angiogenic, and neurite outgrowth activities. It is a secreted protein that is organized in(More)