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BACKGROUND Emerging evidences suggest that nucleolin expressed on the cell surface is implicated in growth of tumor cells and angiogenesis. Nucleolin is one of the major proteins of the nucleolus, but it is also expressed on the cell surface where is serves as a binding protein for variety of ligands implicated in cell proliferation, differentiation,(More)
HARP (heparin affin regulatory peptide) is a growth factor displaying high affinity for heparin. In the present work, we studied the ability of human recombinant HARP as well as its two terminal peptides (HARP residues 1-21 and residues 121-139) to promote angiogenesis. HARP stimulates endothelial cell tube formation on matrigel, collagen and fibrin gels,(More)
Recently, we have found that the skin secretions of the Amazonian tree frog Phyllomedusa bicolor contains molecules with antitumor and angiostatic activities and identified one of them as the antimicrobial peptide dermaseptin (Drs) B2. In the present study we further explored the in vitro and in vivo antitumor activity of this molecule and investigated its(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) exert both pro- and antiangiogenic functions by the release of cytokines or proteolytically generated angiogenic inhibitors from extracellular matrix and basement membrane remodeling. In the Mmp2-/- mouse neovascularization is greatly reduced, but the mechanistic aspects of this remain unclear. Using isotope-coded affinity(More)
The growth factor pleiotrophin (PTN) has been reported to bind heparan sulfate and nucleolin, two components of the cell surface implicated in the attachment of HIV-1 particles to cells. Here we show that PTN inhibits HIV-1 infection by its capacity to inhibit HIV-1 particle attachment to the surface of permissive cells. The beta-sheet domains of PTN appear(More)
Heparin affin regulatory peptide (HARP) is an 18-kDa secreted growth factor that has a high affinity for heparin and a potent role on tumor growth and angiogenesis. We have previously reported that HARP is mitogenic for different types of endothelial cells and also affects cell migration and differentiation (12). In this study we examined the signaling(More)
In a previous study, we showed that in situ injection of glycosaminoglycan mimetics called RGTAs (ReGeneraTing Agents) enhanced neovascularization after skeletal muscular ischemia (Desgranges, P., Barbaud, C., Caruelle, J. P., Barritault, D., and Gautron, J. (1999) FASEB J. 13, 761-766). In the present study, we showed that the RGTA OTR4120 modulated(More)
To better understand the particular vulnerability of mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons to toxins or gene mutations causing parkinsonism, we have taken advantage of a primary cell culture system in which these neurons die selectively. Antimitotic agents, such as cytosine arabinoside or cAMP, prevent the death of the neurons by arresting astrocyte(More)
Heparin affin regulatory peptide (HARP) is a polypeptide belonging to a family of heparin binding growth/differentiation factors. The high affinity of HARP for heparin suggests that this secreted polypeptide should also bind to heparan sulfate proteoglycans derived from cell surface and extracellular matrix defined as extracellular compartments. Using(More)
Heparin affin regulatory peptide (HARP), also named pleiotropin, is a secreted polypeptide that belongs to a new family of heparin-binding growth/differentiation factors. In this study, we investigated the expression and distribution of HARP mRNA and protein in rat uterus. Semi-quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR experiments showed variations in HARP(More)