Joséphine Sire

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The Vpr protein encoded by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is important for growth of virus in macrophages and prevents infected cells from passing into mitosis (G2 arrest). The cellular target for these functions is not known, but Vpr of HIV-1 and the related Vpr from simian immunodeficiency virus of sooty mangabeys (SIV(SM)) bind the DNA(More)
Since the first report documenting that HIV-1 Vpr was involved in the stimulation of transactivation of several unrelated promoters, little additional information has been reported. By using transient transfection experiments, we confirmed and extended these previously reported data. Further in vivo experiments showed that Vpr can co-operatively stimulate(More)
Uracilation of DNA represents a constant threat to the survival of many organisms including viruses. Uracil may appear in DNA either by cytosine deamination or by misincorporation of dUTP. The HIV-1-encoded Vif protein controls cytosine deamination by preventing the incorporation of host-derived APOBEC3G cytidine deaminase into viral particles. Here, we(More)
Vpr is a HIV-1 virion-associated protein which plays a role in viral replication and in transcription and cell proliferation. We have previously reported that Vpr stimulates transcription of genes lacking a common DNA target sequence likely through its ability to interact with TFIIB. However, the molecular mechanism of the Vpr-mediated transcription remains(More)
The Vif protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is required for productive replication in peripheral blood lymphocytes. Previous reports suggest that vif-deleted viruses are limited in replication because of a defect in the late steps of the virus life cycle. One of the remaining questions is to determine whether the functional role of Vif involves a(More)
We have previously demonstrated that H-2Kd-restricted CTL specific for HLA-CW3 or HLA-A24 can recognize synthetic peptides corresponding to residues 170-182 of the HLA molecules. Synthetic oligonucleotides encoding region 170-182 of CW3 or A24 were inserted into the influenza nucleoprotein (NP) gene. We demonstrate herein that P815 (H-2d) cells transfected(More)
Mechanisms governing viral replicative capacity are poorly understood at the biochemical level. Human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 reverse transcriptase (HIV-1 RT) K65R or L74V substitutions confer viral resistance to 2',3'-dideoxyinosine (ddI) in vivo. The two substitutions never occur together, and L74V is frequently found in patients receiving ddI,(More)
We have previously reported that the host uracil DNA glycosylase UNG2 enzyme is incorporated into HIV-1 virions via a specific association with the viral integrase (IN) domain of Gag-Pol precursor. In this study, we investigated whether UNG2 was packaged into two phylogenetically closely related primate lentiviruses, HIV-2(ROD) and SIV(MAC239). We(More)
A highly cytopathic strain of HIV1, named HIV1-NDK, has been isolated from a Zaïrian patient affected with AIDS. This isolate is 10(4) times more cytopathic and infectious than the prototype. To correlate the high cytopathic properties of this strain with genetic variations, we have cloned and sequenced the genome of this isolate. The principal feature(More)
The role of the accessory gene product Vpr during human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection remains unclear. We have used the yeast two-hybrid system to identify cellular proteins that interact with Vpr and could be involved in its function. A cDNA clone which encodes the human uracil DNA glycosylase (UNG), a DNA repair enzyme involved in removal of(More)