Joséphine Sire

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The Vpr protein encoded by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is important for growth of virus in macrophages and prevents infected cells from passing into mitosis (G2 arrest). The cellular target for these functions is not known, but Vpr of HIV-1 and the related Vpr from simian immunodeficiency virus of sooty mangabeys (SIV(SM)) bind the DNA(More)
Since the first report documenting that HIV-1 Vpr was involved in the stimulation of transactivation of several unrelated promoters, little additional information has been reported. By using transient transfection experiments, we confirmed and extended these previously reported data. Further in vivo experiments showed that Vpr can co-operatively stimulate(More)
Uracilation of DNA represents a constant threat to the survival of many organisms including viruses. Uracil may appear in DNA either by cytosine deamination or by misincorporation of dUTP. The HIV-1-encoded Vif protein controls cytosine deamination by preventing the incorporation of host-derived APOBEC3G cytidine deaminase into viral particles. Here, we(More)
Vpr is a HIV-1 virion-associated protein which plays a role in viral replication and in transcription and cell proliferation. We have previously reported that Vpr stimulates transcription of genes lacking a common DNA target sequence likely through its ability to interact with TFIIB. However, the molecular mechanism of the Vpr-mediated transcription remains(More)
The Vif protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is required for productive replication in peripheral blood lymphocytes. Previous reports suggest that vif-deleted viruses are limited in replication because of a defect in the late steps of the virus life cycle. One of the remaining questions is to determine whether the functional role of Vif involves a(More)
We have previously demonstrated that H-2Kd-restricted CTL specific for HLA-CW3 or HLA-A24 can recognize synthetic peptides corresponding to residues 170-182 of the HLA molecules. Synthetic oligonucleotides encoding region 170-182 of CW3 or A24 were inserted into the influenza nucleoprotein (NP) gene. We demonstrate herein that P815 (H-2d) cells transfected(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated the absence of viral replication of Vif- mutants in stimulated primary blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 strain NDK Vif- mutants were propagated on the semipermissive CEM cell line, and the viral stock obtained was compared with the wild-type virus during a single cycle in PBMC. The Vif-(More)
Flaviviruses are single-stranded positive RNA viruses that replicate through double stranded RNA (dsRNA) intermediates. These dsRNA may be recognized as pathogen-associated molecular patterns by cellular receptors including membrane-bound Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) and cytosolic helicases RIG-I and MDA5. dsRNA stimulation results in signaling cascades(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Vpr protein plays a critical role in AIDS pathogenesis, especially by allowing viral replication within nondividing cells such as mononuclear phagocytes. Most of the data obtained so far have been in experiments with endogenous Vpr protein; therefore the effects of extracellular Vpr protein remain largely unknown. We(More)
Mechanisms governing viral replicative capacity are poorly understood at the biochemical level. Human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 reverse transcriptase (HIV-1 RT) K65R or L74V substitutions confer viral resistance to 2',3'-dideoxyinosine (ddI) in vivo. The two substitutions never occur together, and L74V is frequently found in patients receiving ddI,(More)