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The development of shoot-borne roots, or adventitious roots, is indispensable for mass propagation of elite genotypes. It is a complex genetic trait with a high phenotypic plasticity due to multiple endogenous and environmental regulatory factors. We demonstrate here that a subtle balance of activator and repressor AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR (ARF) transcripts(More)
Adventitious rooting (AR) is a multifactorial response leading to new roots at the base of stem cuttings, and the establishment of a complete and autonomous plant. AR has two main phases: (a) induction, with a requirement for higher auxin concentration; (b) formation, inhibited by high auxin and in which anatomical changes take place. The first stages of(More)
Eucalyptus globulus Labill and hybrids thereof have low lignin content, favoring cellulose extraction, but are often recalcitrant to clonal propagation. This work analyzed biochemical and morphological changes during adventitious rooting of mini-cuttings of E. globulus × maidenni obtained from mini-stumps cultured in drip fertigated sand bed or intermittent(More)
The plant hormone auxin plays a central role in adventitious rooting and is routinely used with many economically important, vegetatively propagated plant species to promote adventitious root initiation and development on cuttings. Nevertheless the molecular mechanisms through which it acts are only starting to emerge. The Arabidopsis superroot2-1 (sur2-1)(More)
We characterized the adventitious rooting response of Eucalyptus globulus Labill. to various concentrations of calcium, nitrogen, phosphorus, iron, manganese, zinc, boron and copper. The parameters analyzed were percent rooting, root number, root length and mean rooting time. Root number and root length were significantly affected by mineral nutrition,(More)
Adventitious rooting is a complex developmental response affected by genetic and environmental factors. Radiation quality effects on adventitious rooting depend on characteristics such as species, growth stage, irradiance, spectral quality, and time of exposure. Eucalyptus is an essential genus for the paper industry, and high yield plantations depend on(More)
The leaves of Quillaja brasiliensis, a native tree species of southern Brazil, accumulate saponins which have adjuvant activity in vaccines. An efficient micropropagation system for Q. brasiliensis was developed. Plants were obtained from aseptically germinated seeds. High rates of germination were observed on filter paper and aseptic medium substrate(More)
Comparisons between related species with different rooting capacities can provide insights into the mechanisms controlling adventitious root development. The availability of carbohydrates is often considered exclusively as an energetic requirement to drive root development; the major regulatory role in the process is often attributed to phytohormones,(More)
Brachycerine (1), an unusual alkaloid from the leaves of Psychotria brachyceras, was characterized through spectroscopic data interpretation and its stereochemistry established by NOE difference techniques. Brachycerine (1) was found to be restricted to shoots in rooted cuttings of P. brachyceras (0.018 +/- 0.004% dry weight), and accumulation was(More)
Several volatile natural compounds produced by plant secondary metabolism have been proven to present antimicrobial action, enabling their use in phytopathogen control. They also present low environmental impact when compared to conventional pesticides. Essential oils contain these compounds and can be found in several plant species, such as Lippia alba(More)