Josée F Wong

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Nitric oxide (NO) is a free radical that is largely produced by three isoforms of NO synthase (NOS): neuronal (nNOS), endothelial (eNOS), and inducible (iNOS). NO regulates numerous processes in the gastrointestinal tract; however, the overall role that NO plays in intestinal inflammation is unclear. NO is upregulated in both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's(More)
In vitro studies suggest that transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta has potent effects on gastrointestinal mucosal integrity, wound repair, and neoplasia. However, the multiplicity of actions of this peptide on many different cell types confounds efforts to define the role of TGF-beta within the intestinal epithelium in vivo. To delineate these effects(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Injury to the intestinal mucosa is frequently a dose-limiting complication of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Approaches to limit the damage to the intestine during radiation and chemotherapy have been largely ineffective. Trefoil factors are produced throughout the gastrointestinal tract and regulate cell migration, restitution, and(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with intestinal smooth muscle dysfunction. Many smooth muscle contractile events are associated with alterations in Ca -sensitizing pathways. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of colitis on Ca sensitization and the signaling pathways responsible for contractile dysfunction in murine(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with intestinal smooth muscle dysfunction. Many smooth muscle contractile events are associated with alterations in Ca(2+)-sensitizing pathways. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of colitis on Ca(2+) sensitization and the signaling pathways responsible for contractile dysfunction in murine(More)
Pulmonary fibrosis, the end stage of a variety of fibroproliferative lung diseases, is usually induced after repetitive or chronic lung injury or inflammation. The mechanisms of fibroproliferation are poorly understood. Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is significantly elevated in patients with pulmonary fibrosis and fibroproliferative acute respiratory(More)
Reovirus type 3 Dearing has demonstrated oncolytic efficacy in vitro and in vivo against a variety of cancer cell lines, tumor xenografts and syngeneic cancer models. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of reovirus against aberrant crypt foci (ACF) and colon cancer induced by the carcinogen azoxymethane (AOM) in an immunocompetent rat model.(More)
INTRODUCTION Septic shock is a major life-threatening condition in critically ill patients and it is well known that early recognition of septic shock and expedient initiation of appropriate treatment improves patient outcome. Unfortunately, to date no single compound has shown sufficient sensitivity and specificity to be used as a routine biomarker for(More)
Pulmonary fibrosis (PF), the end stage of a variety of fibroproliferative lung diseases, is characterized by excessive lung mesenchymal cell activation and extracellular matrix deposition. Most PF is induced after repetitive or chronic lung inflammation; however, a significant portion of PF occurs without apparent inflammation. The mechanisms of(More)
BACKGROUND Advances in technology and the ability to interrogate disease pathogenesis using systems biology approaches are exploding. As exemplified by the substantial progress in the personalized diagnosis and treatment of cancer, the application of systems biology to enable precision medicine in other disciplines such as Nephrology is well underway.(More)
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