Josée Doucet

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Human milk (497 samples) representing donors from across Canada were analyzed for 24 organochlorine pesticides and industrial chemicals and 40 PCB congeners. PCBs, p,p'-DDE, hexachlorobenzene (HCB), and trans nonachlor were present in all samples. Compared to earlier surveys in Canada, concentrations of most residues determined declined, and were lower than(More)
The Canadian Total Diet Study is a national survey to determine the level of chemical contaminants in the Canadian food supply. Food samples were collected from Whitehorse, Yukon, supermarkets as part of the study in 1998. Whitehorse was chosen as a sampling centre, despite its small population (n = 19,000), to determine if residue levels were different in(More)
BACKGROUND There is general concern that persistent organic pollutants (POPs) found in the environment, wildlife, food, water, house dust, human tissues, and fluids may alter normal human physiologic activities (e.g., fetal development, immune and endocrine systems). Although the levels of some POPs [polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine(More)
Humans are always exposed to mixtures of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), so assessment of their health effects is complicated. Because the original sources are relatively standard mixtures that change in predictable ways while traversing the environment, there is substantial uniformity in the congener mixtures people carry. To the extent that(More)
Due to widespread usage of the pesticide chlordane until the 1980's, this toxic and persistent mixture has accumulated in the food chain. The Arctic acts as a global sink for these and other persistent organic pollutants, which bioaccumulate in the marine and freshwater food chains. As a result, humans consuming diets high in Arctic fish and marine mammal(More)
Brominated diphenyl ethers (BDEs) are used as flame retardants in consumer products. Rodent studies indicate that the liver, thyroid, and nervous system of developing animals are targets of BDEs. To explore the relationship between exposure and health in developing animals, BDE accumulation in adult and juvenile rats was examined in conjunction with changes(More)
The chlordane constituent trans-nonachlor and its metabolite oxychlordane are among the most persistent chlordane-related contaminants and are found in tissues and milk from humans ingesting diets high in Arctic marine mammal fat. Although chlordane is no longer registered in North America, there is a need for toxicological data on chlordane-related(More)
Isomers and metabolites of the organochlorine pesticide chlordane persist in the environment and bioaccumulate in Arctic marine food webs. Rodent studies indicate that there are gender-related differences in trans-nonachlor and oxychlordane metabolism. Thus, comparative tissue depletion studies were undertaken in male and female rats exposed to(More)
Dietary exposure of Inuit people to a mixture of pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls, or persistent organic pollutants (POPs), during pregnancy is a public health concern. We examined the consequences of administering the mixture of 28 POPs found in the Inuit diet (at doses representing 10-1000 times dietary levels) by gavage to pregnant Sprague-Dawley(More)
A total of 412 breast milk samples from women in all provinces of Canada were analysed for polychlorinated biphenyls, eight chlorinated benzenes, 2,3-dichloronaphthalene, Mirex, alpha, beta, gamma and delta hexachlorocyclohexane, alpha and gamma chlordane, oxychlordane, transnonachlor, p,p'-DDT and some analogues, heptachlor epoxide, dieldrin and(More)