José del R. Millán

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In this paper, we investigate the use of brain activity for person authentication. It has been shown in previous studies that the brainwave pattern of every individual is unique and that the electroencephalogram (EEG) can be used for biometric identification. EEG-based biometry is an emerging research topic and we believe that it may open new research(More)
Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) are prone to errors in the recognition of subject's intent. An elegant approach to improve the accuracy of BCIs consists in a verification procedure directly based on the presence of error-related potentials (ErrP) in the electroencephalogram (EEG) recorded right after the occurrence of an error. Several studies show the(More)
We deployed 72 sensors of 10 modalities in 15 wireless and wired networked sensor systems in the environment, in objects, and on the body to create a sensor-rich environment for the machine recognition of human activities. We acquired data from 12 subjects performing morning activities, yielding over 25 hours of sensor data. We report the number of activity(More)
Brain activity recorded noninvasively is sufficient to control a mobile robot if advanced robotics is used in combination with asynchronous electroencephalogram (EEG) analysis and machine learning techniques. Until now brain-actuated control has mainly relied on implanted electrodes, since EEG-based systems have been considered too slow for controlling(More)
Brain-computer interfaces, as any other interaction modality based on physiological signals and body channels (e.g., muscular activity, speech and gestures), are prone to errors in the recognition of subject’s intent. In this paper we exploit a unique feature of the “brain channel”, namely that it carries information about cognitive states that are crucial(More)
This paper presents a Q-learning method that works in continuous domains. Other characteristics of our approach are the use of an incremental topology preserving map (ITPM) to partition the input space, and the incorporation of bias to initialize the learning process. A unit of the ITPM represents a limited region of the input space and maps it onto the(More)
Advances in cognitive neurosci- ence and brain-imaging technologies give us the unprecedented ability to interface directly with brain activity. These technologies let us monitor the physical processes in the brain that correspond with certain forms of thought. Driven by society's growing recognition of the needs of people with physical disabilities,(More)
We present a novel approach to unsupervised temporal sequence processing in the form of an unsupervised, recurrent neural network based on a selforganizing map (SOM). A standard SOM clusters each input vector irrespective of context, whereas the recurrent SOM presented here clusters each input based on an input vector and a context vector. The latter acts(More)
This paper proposes a novel and simple local neural classifier for the recognition of mental tasks from on-line spontaneous EEG signals. The proposed neural classifier recognizes three mental tasks from on-line spontaneous EEG signals. Correct recognition is around 70%. This modest rate is largely compensated by two properties, namely low percentage of(More)