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PRIMARY OBJECTIVES This paper aims to provide an overview of variations in average height between 10 European countries, and between socio-economic groups within these countries. DATA AND METHODS Data on self-reported height of men and women aged 20-74 years were obtained from national health, level of living or multipurpose surveys for 1987-1994.(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies of variation in the magnitude of socioeconomic inequalities in health between countries have methodological drawbacks. We tried to overcome these difficulties in a large study that compared inequalities in morbidity and mortality between different countries in western Europe. METHODS Data on four indicators of self-reported(More)
BACKGROUND Changes over time in inequalities in self-reported health are studied for increasingly more countries, but a comprehensive overview encompassing several countries is still lacking. The general aim of this article is to determine whether inequalities in self-assessed health in 10 European countries showed a general tendency either to increase or(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine postoperative pain in different types of ear, nose, and throat (ENT) surgery and their psychological preoperative predictors. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Academic hospital. PATIENTS A total of 217 patients undergoing ENT surgery. INTERVENTIONS All ENT, neck, and salivary gland surgery. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies have compared socioeconomic inequalities in the prevalence of both fatal and non-fatal diseases. This paper aims to give the first international overview for several common chronic diseases. METHODS Micro-level data were pooled from non-standardized national health surveys conducted in eight European countries in the 1990s. Surveys(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate international variations in smoking associated with educational level. DESIGN International comparison of national health, or similar, surveys. SUBJECTS Men and women aged 20 to 44 years and 45 to 74 years. SETTING 12 European countries, around 1990. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Relative differences (odds ratios) and absolute(More)
UNLABELLED To assess the effects of intravenous administration of the free radical scavenger mannitol 10% on complaints associated with complex regional pain syndrome Type I (CRPS I), a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded trial was performed. Forty-one CRPS I patients according to the Bruehl et al diagnostic criteria, were included in 2(More)
OBJECTIVES Objectives:Despite efforts to improve acute postoperative pain management, a substantial number of patients still experience moderate to severe pain during the immediate postoperative days. The purpose of the present study was to identify predictors of moderate to severe acute postoperative pain. METHODS Methods: A total of 1490 patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE To measure the prevalence of postoperative pain, an assessment was made of 1490 surgical inpatients who were receiving postoperative pain treatment according to an acute pain protocol. METHODS Measurements of pain (scores from 0 to 100 on a visual analogue scale) were obtained three times a day on the day before surgery and on(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To assess whether there are variations between 11 Western European countries with respect to the size of differences in self reported morbidity between people with high and low educational levels. DESIGN AND METHODS National representative data on morbidity by educational level were obtained from health interview surveys, level of living(More)