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BACKGROUND Many publications report the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the general population. Comparisons across studies are hampered as CKD prevalence estimations are influenced by study population characteristics and laboratory methods. METHODS For this systematic review, two researchers independently searched PubMed, MEDLINE and EMBASE(More)
We report the development of antibody-mediated pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) in a 63-year-old man with end-stage renal disease following a switch from darbepoetin alfa to epoetin beta. Haemoglobin levels began to decrease 6 months after the switch. Increasing the epoetin beta dose produced no response and regular blood transfusions were required; PRCA was(More)
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) is one of the two forms of thrombotic microangiopathies and is characterized by the triad of microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia, thrombocytopaenia, and acute renal failure. It has been associated with bacterial and viral infections as well as non-infective causes. We report a subject who presented with HUS associated with(More)
Portuguese tertiary education includes long and short courses, envisaged so that the latter would fall within the scope of a polytechnic system. The massive arrival of students became a major obstacle to adequately prepare all of those finishing high school. All those dealing with retention constraints acknowledge that the first year in any degree(More)
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