José Uberos

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There exists an extensive terminology for defining the situation of children who, in varying circumstances, suffer from affective deprivation (AD), within an unsatisfactory family situation or in institutions. Nevertheless, the neuroendocrine mechanisms (if they exist) determining it have yet to be identified. Our objective was to determine if specific(More)
AIM Melatonin is a potent free radical scavenger and an indirect antioxidant. Knowledge about the behavior of melatonin secretion in the early neonatal period, which may relate to its properties at a vital stage during very high antioxidant demands, is limited. PATIENTS AND METHODS We studied 35 newborns admitted to the Neonatal Unit with respiratory(More)
UNLABELLED The neuroendocrine mediators that may contribute to ADHD (Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder), serotonin and melatonin, are both thought to regulate circadian rhythms, neurological function and stress response. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of the chronic administration of prolonged release methylphenidate(More)
Attention deficit with hyperactivity disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder associated with alterations in the prefrontal cortex via dopaminergic and noradrenergic neurotransmission. Neurosteroids (e.g. allopregnanolone and dehydroepiandrosterone) modulate the release of multiple neurotransmitters. This study aims to determine the baseline concentrations(More)
UNLABELLED The vast majority of Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) patients have other associated pathologies, with depressive symptoms as one of the most prevalent. Among the mediators that may participate in ADHD, melatonin is thought to regulate circadian rhythms, neurological function and stress response. To determine (1) the serum baseline(More)
BACKGROUND Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic lung disease that affects premature infants with multifactorial etiology. Some authors have considered malnutrition to be a major factor promoting BDP. The aim of our study was to examine the contribution of enteral and parenteral nutritional intake in the first 14 days of life to the development of(More)
This study evaluated the sleep-wake pattern, plasma melatonin levels and the urinary excretion of its metabolite, 6-sulphatoxy-melatonin among children with severe epileptic disorders, before and after a therapeutic trial with melatonin. Ten paediatric patients, suffering from severe epileptic disorders, were selected and given a nightly dose of 3 mg of a(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aims to evaluate the relationship between the total antioxidant capacity of saliva and the presence of dental caries in deciduous and permanent teeth, in a group of Saharan children. METHODS The dental examination was carried out in accordance with the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO). The total antioxidant(More)
Human beings must adapt both to novel, unfavourable conditions and to circumstances of physical or psychological isolation. The initial response to stress depends fundamentally on the activation of the HPA axis. In regaining homeostatic equilibrium, melatonin plays a role due to its synchronising and anti-stress properties. To study the role of melatonin(More)
We analysed the asymptomatic carrier state of Neisseria meningitidis in a sample of 339 children. We obtained data for the children’s weight and height, in order to calculate the body mass index (BMI). The cutoff points defined by Cole were employed in determining the BMI, and the population was divided into three groups: normal, overweight and obese.(More)