Learn More
AIM Melatonin is a potent free radical scavenger and an indirect antioxidant. Knowledge about the behavior of melatonin secretion in the early neonatal period, which may relate to its properties at a vital stage during very high antioxidant demands, is limited. PATIENTS AND METHODS We studied 35 newborns admitted to the Neonatal Unit with respiratory(More)
There exists an extensive terminology for defining the situation of children who, in varying circumstances, suffer from affective deprivation (AD), within an unsatisfactory family situation or in institutions. Nevertheless, the neuroendocrine mechanisms (if they exist) determining it have yet to be identified. Our objective was to determine if specific(More)
BACKGROUND Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic lung disease that affects premature infants with multifactorial etiology. Some authors have considered malnutrition to be a major factor promoting BDP. The aim of our study was to examine the contribution of enteral and parenteral nutritional intake in the first 14 days of life to the development of(More)
UNLABELLED The neuroendocrine mediators that may contribute to ADHD (Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder), serotonin and melatonin, are both thought to regulate circadian rhythms, neurological function and stress response. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of the chronic administration of prolonged release methylphenidate(More)
Attention deficit with hyperactivity disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder associated with alterations in the prefrontal cortex via dopaminergic and noradrenergic neurotransmission. Neurosteroids (e.g. allopregnanolone and dehydroepiandrosterone) modulate the release of multiple neurotransmitters. This study aims to determine the baseline concentrations(More)
UNLABELLED The vast majority of Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) patients have other associated pathologies, with depressive symptoms as one of the most prevalent. Among the mediators that may participate in ADHD, melatonin is thought to regulate circadian rhythms, neurological function and stress response. To determine (1) the serum baseline(More)
We analysed the asymptomatic carrier state of Neisseria meningitidis in a sample of 339 children. We obtained data for the children’s weight and height, in order to calculate the body mass index (BMI). The cutoff points defined by Cole were employed in determining the BMI, and the population was divided into three groups: normal, overweight and obese.(More)
This study evaluated the sleep-wake pattern, plasma melatonin levels and the urinary excretion of its metabolite, 6-sulphatoxy-melatonin among children with severe epileptic disorders, before and after a therapeutic trial with melatonin. Ten paediatric patients, suffering from severe epileptic disorders, were selected and given a nightly dose of 3 mg of a(More)
Reduction of the antioxidant capacity of plasma has been linked with the impairment of an effective immune response and so we hypothesized that the carriage rate of Neisseria meningitidis in asymptomatic subjects might correlate with the levels of antioxidants in plasma. To this end we took pharyngeal swabs from 339 children in Marquesado Basic Health Zone,(More)
AIMS The effects on fetal growth of hyperlipidaemia in pregnancy are not well understood at present. In this study the different lipid fractions in normal pregnancies and pregnancies complicated by intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) were determined and related to changes in plasma and serum viscosity. METHODS Two groups of pregnant women were studied.(More)