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In this study we used micro liquid chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (microLC-TOF-MS) for separation and identification of bioactive peptides in a yogurt marketed as an antihypertensive functional food. An appropriate sample clean-up using solid-phase extraction (SPE) allowed detection of a large number of low-molecular-mass(More)
In this study, we use capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry (CE-MS) for the identification of bioactive peptides in hypoallergenic infant milk formulas (IF), which are complex bovine milk protein hydrolysates. A sample clean-up pretreatment with a citrate buffer containing dithiothreitol and urea followed by solid-phase extraction (SPE) with different(More)
The dissociation constants of representative loop (furosemide), thiazide (chlorthiazide and trichlormethiazide) and potassium sparing (amiloride) diuretics in 10, 30, 40, 50 and 70% (w/w) acetonitrile-water mixtures at 298.15 K were determined, in accordance with IUPAC procedures. The variation in pK(a) values over the whole composition range can be(More)
Quinolones are a family of antibacterial agents used in human and veterinary clinics. The examination of protonation equilibria is essential because their antibacterial activity is pH-dependent. In this work, dissociation constants of quinolones in MeOH-water mixtures were obtained using capillary electrophoresis. The method is based on a model that relates(More)
Quinolones are a family of antibacterial agents that are used extensively in both human and veterinary clinics. Their antibacterial activity is pH-dependent, and therefore an examination of protonation equilibria in quinolone solution is essential. In this work, dissociation constants of quinolones in water were obtained using capillary electrophoresis(More)
Different matrices and sample-matrix preparation procedures have been tested in order to study their influence on the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectra of intact glycoproteins, which present different degrees of glycosylation (human transferrin; bovine fetuin; bovine alpha(1)-acid-glycoprotein; recombinant(More)
Glycosylation of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) is a post-translational process that alters biological activity, solubility and lifetime of the glycoprotein in blood, and strongly depends on the type of cell and the cell culture conditions. A fast and simple method providing extensive carbohydrate information about the glycans present in rHuEPO(More)
In the present work, models describing the effect of the pH on the chromatographic and electrophoretic behaviour for polyprotic peptides were compared. The proposed models can be simultaneously used for determination of dissociation constants and selection of the optimum pH for the separation of peptides, in water and acetonitrile-water mixtures widely used(More)
Modelling electrophoretic mobility as a function of pH can be simultaneously used for determination of ionization constants and for rapid selection of the optimum pH for separation of mixtures of the modelled compounds. In this work, equations describing the effect of pH on electrophoretic behaviour were used to investigate migration of a series of(More)
A model of electrophoretic behaviour is used to predict the optimum conditions for the separation of a series of quinolones zwitterionic substances in mixtures of acetonitrile-water up to 30% (w/w) of acetonitrile. The effect of pH, pKa, the electrophoretic mobility of protonated and anionic species, and activity coefficients on the electrophoretic(More)