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STUDY OBJECTIVES To determine predictors of neuropsychological functioning in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and whether treatment with 2-week continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or supplemental oxygen would improve cognitive functioning. DESIGN Randomized placebo-controlled design. SETTING University-based clinical research center.(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Measurement of arousals from sleep is clinically important, however, their definition is not well standardized, and little data exist on reliability. The purpose of this study is to determine factors that affect arousal scoring reliability and night-to-night arousal variability. DESIGN The night-to-night arousal variability and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Studies suggest that some acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs) increase rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and nightmares in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) but few have studied their effect on other sleep parameters. The objective of this study was to examine differences in sleep architecture in AD patients taking different(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the current study was to investigate the frequency of periodic limb movements in sleep (PLMS) in Parkinson's disease (PD) and their impact on nocturnal sleep and daytime functioning. METHODS Forty-five PD patients (mean age 68.5 ± 8.7 years; 32 males) underwent one night of polysomnography (PSG). Clinical assessment and questionnaires(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the usefulness of actigraphy for assessment of nighttime sleep measures in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). DESIGN Participants underwent overnight sleep assessment simultaneously by polysomnography (PSG) and actigraphy. SETTING Overnight sleep study in academic sleep research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS Sixty-one patients(More)
OBJECTIVE Rapid eye movement (REM)-sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is often comorbid with Parkinson's disease (PD). The current study aimed to provide a detailed understanding of the impact of having RBD on multiple non-motor symptoms (NMS) in patients with PD. METHODS A total of 86 participants were evaluated for RBD and assessed for multiple NMS of PD.(More)
We examined the relationship between the pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-6 and sleep architecture in 70 healthy men and women. Blood was drawn in the early morning for assessment of IL-6 followed by nocturnal sleep monitoring with polysomnography. Sleep records were scored for sleep stages using standard criteria. Morning IL-6 levels were positively correlated(More)
OBJECTIVE This analysis examined whether patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) tolerate continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). METHOD Thirty patients with AD were randomized to CPAP or sham CPAP and completed sleep, depression, and quality-of-life questionnaires. Participants could choose to continue treatment after the trial. RESULTS Patients wore(More)
Objective Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have been described to have increased levels of inflammatory cytokines (particularly TNF-α) and have severely disturbed sleep architecture. Serum inflammatory markers, even in normal individuals, have been associated with abnormal sleep architecture. Not much is known about the role the TNF receptor(More)
OBJECTIVE Fatigue is an important and often underemphasized symptom in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Sleep fragmentation, i.e., arousals and disruptions in sleep architecture, is common in patients with OSA and may potentially contribute to their fatigue. We hypothesized that arousal frequency and changes in sleep architecture contribute to(More)