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BACKGROUND Ionizing radiation exposure has been pointed out as a risk factor for thyroid cancer. The double-strand breaks induced by this carcinogen are usually repaired by homologous recombination repair pathway, a pathway that includes several polymorphic genes. Since there is a scarcity of data about the involvement of these gene polymorphisms in thyroid(More)
Thyroid cancer (TC) is the most frequent endocrine malignancy, accounting however for only 1-2% of all human cancers, and the best-established risk factor for TC is radiation exposure, particularly during childhood. Since the BER pathway seems to play an important role in the repair of DNA damage induced by IR and other genotoxicants, we carried out a(More)
DNA strand breaks and chromosomal aberrations (CAs) were studied in human cells treated with hydrogen peroxide or with ionizing radiation. DNA strand breaks could be produced at dose levels of H2O2 much lower than those which induced CAs. Doses as low as 0.5 mM of H2O2 produced about as many DNA strand breaks as 2 Gy of 60Co gamma-radiation. On the other(More)
Patulin is a mycotoxin produced by several species of Penicillium, Aspergillus and BYSSOCHLAMYS: Patulin is a common contaminant of ripe apples used for the production of apple juice concentrates and is also present in other fruits, vegetables and food products. Patulin has been reported to have mutagenic, carcinogenic and teratogenic properties.(More)
The possible role for DNA repair deficiencies in cancer development, namely in breast cancer has been the subject of increasing interest since it has been reported that breast cancer patients might be deficient in the repair of DNA damage. Exposure to ionizing radiation has been pointed out as a risk factor for breast cancer, and the type of DNA lesions(More)
The N-(2-hydroxyethyl)valine (HOEtVal) adduct resulting from the interaction of ethylene oxide with the N-terminal valine in haemoglobin, was determined in blood samples taken from non-smoking pregnant women (n = 10) and from pregnant women (n = 13) smoking 15 or more cigarettes a day. The HOEtVal levels were also determined in the haemoglobin from blood(More)
Widespread use of pesticides in agriculture represents a threat not only to the environment but also to human populations exposed to them. Many of these compounds are capable of inducing mutations in DNA and lead to several diseases including cancer. In the present study, cytogenetic damage in peripheral lymphocytes from 33 farmers of Oporto district(More)
The aim of this study was to use DNA adducts levels, detected by 32P-postlabelling, as a biomarker to assess human exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from a coke oven plant and explore the possible association between CYP1A1 MspI, GSTP1, GSTM1 and GSTT1 genotypes, and smoking status on bulky DNA adduct formation. A large amount of(More)
MMR is responsible for the repair of base-base mismatches and insertion/deletion loops. Besides this, MMR is also associated with an anti-recombination function, suppressing homologous recombination. Losses of heterozygosity and/or microsatellite instability have been detected in a large number of skin samples from breast cancer patients, suggesting a(More)
Flavonls are natural compounds present in edible plants and possess several biological activities that can be useful in drug design. Conversely some of these compounds have been shown to be genotoxic to prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. In this study we tried to establish the chemical features responsible for the genotoxicity of flavonols and to study the(More)