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In mice, running, clonic and tonic convulsions and lethality were assessed following transcorneal (electroshock) current or convulsant drugs, each administered alone and after cannabidiol (CBD) pretreatment. CBD prevented tonic convulsions caused by a convulsant current (CC) 99.99, and by the convulsant dose (CD) 99.99 values of gamma-aminobutyric acid(More)
Susceptibility to pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)-induced clonic convulsions was measured in rats over the 24-hr light-dark cycle at four-hour intervals. The results showed a higher sensitivity to PTZ around 2200 hr. Other groups of rats were exposed to a four-min open-field session. In the first two min of the session the animals were submitted to open-field(More)
The aim of the present study was to carry out a controlled pilot study on the putative anxiolytic effect of valepotriates. Thirty-six outpatients with generalized anxiety disorder (DSM III-R), after a 2-week wash-out, were randomized to one of the following three treatments for 4 weeks (n = 12 per group): valepotriates (mean daily dose: 81.3 mg), diazepam(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the relationship between spirituality/religiosity (S/R) and the attitudes, beliefs and experiences of medical students in Brazil with respect to S/R in their undergraduate training and clinical practice. METHODS SBRAME (Spirituality and Brazilian Medical Education) is a multicenter study involving 12 Brazilian medical schools with(More)
A herbal tea (called an abafado in Brazil) prepared from the dried leaves of lemongrass was administered to healthy volunteers. Following a single dose or 2 weeks of daily oral administration, the abafado produced no changes in serum glucose, urea, creatinine, cholesterol, triglycerides, lipids, total bilirubin, indirect bilirubin, GOT, GPT, alkaline(More)
A single drug-free experience in the elevated plus-maze is well documented to reduce the behavioral effects of benzodiazepines (BZs) in subsequent tests. To ascertain the possible role of altered BZ receptor binding to in this phenomenon, rats received a 5-min exposure to the elevated plus maze and were immediately sacrificed. Receptor autoradiography(More)
The anticonvulsant effect of alpha,beta-epoxy-carvone (EC), a monoterpene monocyclic, was investigated in three animal models. EC at 300 or 400 mg/kg promoted protection of 75% and 87.5%, respectively, against convulsions induced chemically by pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) and it was efficient in prevents the tonic convulsions induced by maximal electroshock(More)
In order to extend previously reported observations with other animal models of anxiety, the effect of carbamazepine (CBZ) was presently measured in rats placed on the elevated plus-maze. Intraperitoneal injection of CBZ (5-40 mg/kg) increased the percentage of open arm entries as well as the percentage of time spent on the open arms of the maze, without(More)