José Roberto Meyer-Fernandes

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The plasma membrane of cells contains enzymes whose active sites face the external medium rather than the cytoplasm. The activities of these enzymes, referred to as ectoenzymes, can be measured using living cells. In this work we describe the ability of living promastigotes of Leishmania amazonensis to hydrolyze extracellular ATP. In these intact parasites(More)
In this work, we describe the ability of living cells of Entamoeba histolytica to hydrolyze extracellular ATP. In these intact parasites, whose viability was determined by motility and by the eosin method, ATP hydrolysis was low in the absence of any divalent metal (78 nmol P(i)/h/10(5) cells). Interestingly, in the presence of 5 mM MgCl(2) an ecto-ATPase(More)
Live Trypanosoma cruzi amastigotes hydrolyzed p-nitrophenylphosphate (PNPP), phospho-amino-acids and 32P-casein under physiologically appropriate conditions. PNPP was hydrolysed at a rate of 80 in the presence of 5 mM MgCl2, pH 7.2 at 30 degrees C. In the absence of Mg2+ the activity was reduced 40% and we call this basal activity. At(More)
The results presented in this paper indicate that procyclic forms of Trypanosoma brucei possess a phosphatase activity detected in the external cell surface able to hydrolyze about 0.7 p-nitrophenylphosphate. A faster rate of hydrolysis was observed when membrane-enriched fractions were used. This activity is weakly sensitive to 1 mM NaF, 10(More)
A cell-wall-associated phosphatase in hyphae of Fonsecaea pedrosoi, a fungal pathogen causing chromoblastomycosis, was previously characterized by the authors. In the present work, the expression of an acidic ectophosphatase activity in F. pedrosoi conidial forms was investigated. The surface phosphatase activity in F. pedrosoi is associated with the cell(More)
Due to the growing importance of cellular signaling mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS), proteins that are reversibly modulated by these reactant molecules are of high interest. In this context, protein kinases and phosphatases, which act coordinately in the regulation of signal transduction through the phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of target(More)
In the present work ecto-phosphatase activity in Herpetomonas muscarum muscarum has been characterized using live parasites. This enzyme hydrolyzed p-nitrophenylphosphate at a rate of 4.27 nmol Pi/mg of protein.min. A pH curve was generated, in which these intact flagellates showed the highest phosphatase activity at pH 6.5. Classical inhibitors for acid(More)
The presence of Leishmania amazonensis ecto-nucleoside triphosphate triphosphohydrolase activities was demonstrated using antibodies against different NTPDase members by Western blotting, flow cytometry, and immunoelectron microscopy analysis. Living promastigote cells sequentially hydrolyzed the ATP molecule generating ADP, AMP, and adenosine, indicating(More)
Some protozoa of the Trypanosomatidae family harbor in their cytoplasm bacterial endosymbionts that provide essential nutrients to and induce morphological alterations in the protozoa. In the present study, a close association between endosymbionts and glycosomes, a peroxisome-like organelle where most of the enzymes of the glycolytic pathway are(More)
There is increasing evidence in the literature showing that fungal pathogens express biologically active ectoenzymes. The expression of surface phosphatases at the cell surface of Cryptococcus neoformans, the etiologic agent of cryptococcosis, was evaluated in the present study. Different isolates of C. neoformans express ectophosphatase activity, which is(More)