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Due to the growing importance of cellular signaling mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS), proteins that are reversibly modulated by these reactant molecules are of high interest. In this context, protein kinases and phosphatases, which act coordinately in the regulation of signal transduction through the phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of target(More)
Toxic cyanobacteria blooms in drinking water supplies have been an increasing public health concern all over the world. Human populations can be exposed to microcystins, an important family of cyanotoxins, mainly by oral ingestion. However, inhalation from recreational water and hemodialysis can represent other routes. This study investigated changes in(More)
Live T. cruzi trypomastigotes and amastigotes possess ecto-protein tyrosine phosphatase activity as indicated by the ability of intact cells to catalyze dephosphorylation of tyrosine phosphorylated myelin basic protein, [32P]TyrRaytide, phosphotyrosine, or the phosphotyrosine analog p-nitrophenylphosphate (p-NPP). The dephosphorylation of myelin basic(More)
The etiological agent of Chagas disease, Trypanosoma cruzi, is consisted of two phylogenetic lineages. Using live epimastigotes, in this study we have characterized ecto-phosphatase activities of two strains of T. cruzi, one (Y strain) is a member of group T. cruzi I and the other (Colombiana) is a member of group T. cruzi II. About one-third of the total(More)
Some protozoa of the Trypanosomatidae family harbor in their cytoplasm bacterial endosymbionts that provide essential nutrients to and induce morphological alterations in the protozoa. In the present study, a close association between endosymbionts and glycosomes, a peroxisome-like organelle where most of the enzymes of the glycolytic pathway are(More)
The present study aimed to identify the presence of protein kinase C-like (PKC-like) in Leishmania amazonensis and to elucidate its possible role in the modulation of the (Na(+)+K(+))ATPase activity. Immunoblotting experiments using antibody against a consensus sequence (Ac 543-549) of rabbit protein kinase C (PKC) revealed the presence of a protein kinase(More)
We have previously reported that carbohydrates and polyols protect different enzymes against thermal inactivation and deleterious effects promoted by guanidinium chloride and urea. Here, we show that these osmolytes (carbohydrates, polyols and methylamines) protect mitochondrial F(0)F(1)-ATPase against pressure inactivation. Pressure stability of(More)
Free D-amino acids are implicated in several biological functions. This study examined the presence of D-alanine in Leishmania amazonensis. Measuring chiral amino acid content by high-performance liquid chromatography we detected a significant amount of free D-alanine in promastigotes of these parasites. D-alanine accounts for 8.9% of total free alanine and(More)
Fasting of second-day fifth instar larval Manduca sexta leads to a rapid decrease in hemolymph glucose concentration from 3.39+/-0.29 to 0.33+/-0.06 mM in 1 h, along with a decrease in the fructose-2,6-bisphosphate content in the fat body (from 5.92+/-0.31 to 2.80+/-0.47 nmol fructose-2,6-bisphosphate/g fat body in 3 h) and activation of fat body glycogen(More)
Trehalose represents the main hemolymph sugar in most insects and its metabolic availability is regulated by trehalase. In this study, trehalase activity associated with the reproductive system was investigated in the insect Rhodnius prolixus, a hematophagous hemipteran vector of Chagas' disease. A single-copy gene that encodes a membrane-bound trehalase(More)