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The plasma membrane of cells contains enzymes whose active sites face the external medium rather than the cytoplasm. The activities of these enzymes, referred to as ectoenzymes, can be measured using living cells. In this work we describe the ability of living promastigotes of Leishmania amazonensis to hydrolyze extracellular ATP. In these intact parasites(More)
Live Trypanosoma cruzi amastigotes hydrolyzed p-nitrophenylphosphate (PNPP), phospho-amino-acids and 32P-casein under physiologically appropriate conditions. PNPP was hydrolysed at a rate of 80 nmol.mg-1.h-1 in the presence of 5 mM MgCl2, pH 7.2 at 30 degrees C. In the absence of Mg2+ the activity was reduced 40% and we call this basal activity. At(More)
In this work, we describe the ability of living cells of Entamoeba histolytica to hydrolyze extracellular ATP. In these intact parasites, whose viability was determined by motility and by the eosin method, ATP hydrolysis was low in the absence of any divalent metal (78 nmol P(i)/h/10(5) cells). Interestingly, in the presence of 5 mM MgCl(2) an ecto-ATPase(More)
The results presented in this paper indicate that procyclic forms of Trypanosoma brucei possess a phosphatase activity detected in the external cell surface able to hydrolyze about 0.7 nmol.mg-1.min-1 p-nitrophenylphosphate. A faster rate of hydrolysis was observed when membrane-enriched fractions were used. This activity is weakly sensitive to 1 mM NaF, 10(More)
In the present work ecto-phosphatase activity in Herpetomonas muscarum muscarum has been characterized using live parasites. This enzyme hydrolyzed p-nitrophenylphosphate at a rate of 4.27 nmol Pi/mg of protein.min. A pH curve was generated, in which these intact flagellates showed the highest phosphatase activity at pH 6.5. Classical inhibitors for acid(More)
Live T. cruzi trypomastigotes and amastigotes possess ecto-protein tyrosine phosphatase activity as indicated by the ability of intact cells to catalyze dephosphorylation of tyrosine phosphorylated myelin basic protein, [32P]TyrRaytide, phosphotyrosine, or the phosphotyrosine analog p-nitrophenylphosphate (p-NPP). The dephosphorylation of myelin basic(More)
Due to the growing importance of cellular signaling mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS), proteins that are reversibly modulated by these reactant molecules are of high interest. In this context, protein kinases and phosphatases, which act coordinately in the regulation of signal transduction through the phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of target(More)
Some protozoa of the Trypanosomatidae family harbor in their cytoplasm bacterial endosymbionts that provide essential nutrients to and induce morphological alterations in the protozoa. In the present study, a close association between endosymbionts and glycosomes, a peroxisome-like organelle where most of the enzymes of the glycolytic pathway are(More)
In this work, we describe the ability of living Tritrichomonas foetus to hydrolyze extracellular ATP. The addition of MgCl(2) to the assay medium increased the ecto-ATPase activity in a dose-dependent manner. At 5mM ATP, half maximal stimulation of ATP hydrolysis was obtained with 0.46mM MgCl(2). The ecto-ATPase activity was also stimulated by MnCl(2) and(More)
In this work we describe the ability of living cells of Trypanosoma brucei brucei to hydrolyze extracellular ATP. In these intact parasites there was a low level of ATP hydrolysis in the absence of any divalent metal (4.72+/-0.51 nmol Pi x 10(-7) cells x h(-1)). The ATP hydrolysis was stimulated by MgCl(2) and the Mg-dependent ecto-ATPase activity was(More)