José Roberto Lapa e Silva

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The current study evaluated Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, for genomic deletions. One locus in our panel of PCR targets failed to amplify in approximately 30% of strains. A single novel long sequence polymorphism (>26.3 kb) was characterized and designated RD(Rio). Homologous recombination between two similar protein-coding(More)
The high-output pathway of nitric oxide production helps protect mice from infection by several pathogens, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis. However, based on studies of cells cultured from blood, it is controversial whether human mononuclear phagocytes can express the corresponding inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS;NOS2). The present study examined(More)
Asthma is the most common illness of childhood, affecting one child in seven in the UK. Asthma has a genetic basis, but genetic studies of asthma in humans are confounded by uncontrolled environmental factors, varying penetrance and phenotypic pleiotropy. An animal model of asthma would offer controlled exposure, limited and consistent genetic variation,(More)
INTRODUCTION Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) requiring intensive care unit (ICU) admission remains a severe medical condition, presenting ICU mortality rates reaching 30%. The aim of this study was to assess the value of different patterns of C-reactive protein (CRP)-ratio response to antibiotic therapy in patients with severe CAP requiring ICU admission(More)
AIMS Immune factors influencing the progression of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) to cancer remain poorly defined. This study investigates the expression of RANTES, MIP1alpha, COX1, COX2, STAT3, TGFbetaRI, IL10R, TNFalphaRII and TLR4 in the cervical immune response in HIV/HPV (human papillomavirus) co-infected women. METHODS Cervical biopsies of(More)
This study tested the hypotheses that chronic allergic inflammation induces not only bronchial but also lung parenchyma remodeling, and that these histologic changes are associated with concurrent changes in respiratory mechanics. For this purpose, airway and lung parenchyma remodeling were evaluated by quantitative analysis of collagen and elastin,(More)
Asthma may result from excessive Th-2 response in children not previously exposed to Th-1-inducing infections. We tested the hypothesis that BCG vaccination in Th-2-susceptible newborn BP2 mice blocks allergic inflammation and bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR). Ten day-old BP2 mice received 10(5) CFU of BCG 1173P2 intranasally (IN), and 6, 10 or 14 weeks(More)
BACKGROUND High cortisol levels are frequent in patients with severe infections. However, the predictive value of total cortisol and of the presence of critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency (CIRCI) in severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains to be thoroughly evaluated. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of(More)
BACKGROUND COPD is associated with increased numbers of CD4(+) and CD8(+) lymphocytes and macrophages in the small airways and lung parenchyma. The chemokines regulating T-cell recruitment into the lung are unknown but may involve CXCR3 and CCR5 chemoattractants. The aims of this study were to determine the concentrations of CXCR3 chemokines CXCL9, CXCL10,(More)
The Latin American-Mediterranean (LAM) family of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is believed to be the cause of approximately 15% of tuberculosis cases worldwide. Previously, we defined a prevalent sublineage of the LAM family in Brazil by a single characteristic genomic deletion designated RD(Rio). Using the Brazilian strains, we pinpoint an Ag85C(103) single(More)