José Roberto Lapa e Silva

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The high-output pathway of nitric oxide production helps protect mice from infection by several pathogens, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis. However, based on studies of cells cultured from blood, it is controversial whether human mononuclear phagocytes can express the corresponding inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS;NOS2). The present study examined(More)
Immune mediators associated with human tuberculosis (TB) remain poorly defined. This study quantified levels of lung immune mediator gene expression at the time of diagnosis and during anti-TB treatment using cells obtained by induced sputum. Upon comparison to patients with other infectious lung diseases and volunteers, active pulmonary TB cases expressed(More)
The mechanism of IL-2-induced vascular leak syndrome (VLS) is still poorly understood. Cells of both innate and adaptive immune systems have been implicated, but no definitive conclusions have been reached concerning their respective roles. In this study we report a new mouse model of IL-2-induced pulmonary VLS used to obtain a detailed analysis of the(More)
This report examines the effect of an anti-VLA-4 monoclonal antibody (mAb) HP1/2 on antigen-induced bronchial hyperreactivity to methacholine, and on eosinophil and T lymphocyte infiltration in the airways of guinea pigs sensitized and challenged by aerosolized ovalbumin and used 24 h thereafter. The intravenous administration of 2.5 mg/kg of HP1/2, but not(More)
INTRODUCTION Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) requiring intensive care unit (ICU) admission remains a severe medical condition, presenting ICU mortality rates reaching 30%. The aim of this study was to assess the value of different patterns of C-reactive protein (CRP)-ratio response to antibiotic therapy in patients with severe CAP requiring ICU admission(More)
Global control of tuberculosis is increasingly dependent on rapid and accurate genetic typing of Mycobacteriumtuberculosis. Spoligotyping is a first-line genotypic fingerprinting method for M.tuberculosis isolates. An international online database (SpolDB4) of spoligotype patterns has been established wherein a clustered pattern (shared by ≥2 isolates) is(More)
The trends of scientific articles about tuberculosis in Brazil published between 1986 and 2006 were analyzed. This analysis included Capes database-indexed dissertations and theses and papers indexed in Medline and SciELO. Papers containing the word "tuberculosis" and authors affiliated to Brazilian institutions were included in the assessment. The analysis(More)
A pilot feasibility study was conducted to determine whether Directly Observed Therapy Short-Course (DOTS) workers could be trained to deliver smoking cessation counseling and referral interventions, identify potential barriers to a full-scale randomized controlled trial on the effectiveness of integrated smoking cessation in DOTS, and determine whether(More)
Guinea-pigs sensitized by a subcutaneous injection of ovalbumin in Al(OH)3 and boosted 2 weeks later exhibit marked bronchial hyperresponsiveness to various agonists and intense bronchial wall infiltration by CD4+ T-lymphocytes and eosinophils. We have compared the effect of FK506, a novel immunosuppressive agent, on the mucosal infiltration by T-cells and(More)
BACKGROUND Silicosis is an occupational disease for which no effective treatment is currently known. Systemic administration of bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells (BMDMCs) has shown to be safe in lung diseases. However, so far, no studies have analyzed whether bronchoscopic instillation of autologous BMDMCs is a safe route of administration in patients(More)