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The statistical properties of background noise such as its standard deviation and mean value are frequently used to estimate the original noise level of the acquired data. This requires the knowledge of the statistical intensity distribution of the background signal, that is, the probability density of the occurrence of a certain signal intensity. The(More)
PURPOSE To investigate technical feasibility, test-retest reproducibility, and the ability to differentiate healthy subjects from subjects with osteoarthritis (OA) with diffusion-tensor (DT) imaging parameters and T2 relaxation time. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was approved by the institutional review board and was HIPAA compliant. All subjects(More)
PURPOSE We used a combined intravoxel incoherent motion-diffusion tensor imaging (IVIM-DTI) methodology to distinguish structural from flow effects on renal diffusion anisotropy. METHODS Eight volunteers were examined with IVIM-DTI at 3T with 20 diffusion directions and 10 b-values. Mean diffusivity (MD) and fractional anisotropy (FA) from DTI analysis(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the validity of different approaches to determine the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in MRI experiments with multi-element surface coils, parallel imaging, and different reconstruction filters. MATERIALS AND METHODS Four different approaches of SNR calculation were compared in phantom measurements and in vivo based on: 1) the(More)
T2 relaxation time is a promising MRI parameter for the detection of cartilage degeneration in osteoarthritis. However, the accuracy and precision of the measured T2 may be substantially impaired by the low signal-to-noise ratio of images available from clinical examinations. The purpose of this work was to assess the accuracy and precision of the(More)
BACKGROUND Most of the carotid plaque MR studies have been performed using black-blood protocols at 1.5 T without parallel imaging techniques. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a multi-sequence, black-blood MR protocol using parallel imaging and a dedicated 4-channel surface coil for vessel wall imaging of the carotid arteries at 3 T. MATERIALS(More)
The well-known noise distributions of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data (Rayleigh, Rician, or non-central chi-distribution) describe the probability density of real-valued (i.e., floating-point) signal intensities. MR image data, however, is typically quantized to integers before visualization or archiving. Depending on the scaling factors applied(More)
Radial spin-echo diffusion imaging allows motion-robust imaging of tissues with very low T2 values like articular cartilage with high spatial resolution and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). However, in vivo measurements are challenging, due to the significantly slower data acquisition speed of spin-echo sequences and the less efficient k-space coverage of(More)
PURPOSE To compare a new birdcage-transmit, 28-channel receive array (28-Ch) coil and a quadrature volume coil for 7T morphologic MRI and T2 mapping of knee cartilage. MATERIALS AND METHODS The right knees of 10 healthy subjects were imaged on a 7T whole body magnetic resonance (MR) scanner using both coils. 3D fast low-angle shot (3D-FLASH) and multiecho(More)