José Ramón Sañudo

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Variations in connections between the musculocutaneous and median nerves in the arm are not as uncommon as was once thought. This opinion led us to perform a study in 138 cadavers (66 male, 72 female). These variations were seen in 64 cadavers (46.4%), 9 bilaterally and 55 unilaterally (26 right and 29 left); in total, therefore, variations were observed in(More)
The palmaris longus (PL) is a muscle of the forearm with a long distal tendon that is continuous with the palmar aponeurosis (PA). It is generally assumed that the muscle lies deep to the antebrachial fascia from origin to termination, but a detailed description is lacking. The relationship of the PL tendon with the antebrachial fascia was studied in 30(More)
OBJECTIVES To obtain an accurate morphological description of the nerve that provides communication between the external laryngeal nerve and the recurrent laryngeal nerve in a large sample of human larynges. STUDY DESIGN Morphological study of human larynges. METHODS Microdissection of 103 human larynges obtained from necropsies was performed. Both the(More)
INTRODUCTION Accurate knowledge of the nerve supply of each individual muscle is needed to achieve a successful selective reinnervation of the larynx. The aim of the present work was to study the nerve supply of the adductor laryngeal muscles supplied by the recurrent laryngeal nerve. STUDY DESIGN Morphologic study of human larynges. METHODS The(More)
Supernumerary humeral heads of the biceps brachii muscle were found in 27 (15.4%) of 175 cadavers. They were bilateral in five cadavers and unilateral in 22 (8 left, 14 right), giving a total of 32 examples in 350 arms (9.1%). Depending on their origin and location, the supernumerary heads were classified as superior, infero-medial, and infero-lateral(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Current knowledge of the functional role of human laryngeal nerves is based on traditional laryngeal neuroanatomic descriptions or contradictory electromyographic studies. The aim of this study was to clarify the functional role of neural connections between laryngeal nerves by correlating the different electromyographic patterns(More)
Two cases with anomalous fascicles in abductor digiti minimi, noted in the course of dissecting 62 adult postmortem forearms, are described. Both fascicles arose from the flexor retinaculum and the antebrachial fascia; one was inserted into abductor digiti minimi and the other on the proximal phalanx of the 5th finger. The anomalous muscles crossed the(More)
The extensor digitorum brevis manus (EDBM) is a supernumerary muscle in the dorsum of the hand frequently misdiagnosed as a dorsal wrist ganglion, exostosis, tendon sheath cyst or synovitis. Its presence in a living subject, confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), is presented together with a review of the hitherto reported cases and the results of(More)
A rare case of a four-headed biceps brachii muscle associated with a double piercing of one of the supernumerary heads by the musculocutaneous nerve was observed in the right arm of an 87-year-old female cadaver. One of the supernumerary heads of the biceps brachii originated from the humerus, in the area between the lesser tubercle and the coracobrachialis(More)