Learn More
OBJECTIVES The presence of anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies is the most specific serological marker known of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The PADI4 gene, encoding a haematopoietic isoform of the peptidylarginine deiminase citrullinating enzyme, has recently been associated with susceptibility to RA in the Japanese population. A subsequent UK report could(More)
OBJECTIVE Genome-wide studies have identified the chromosomal region 16p13 in the susceptibility to type 1 diabetes (T1D) and multiple sclerosis (MS). This region includes the CLEC16A/KIAA0350 gene and an adjacent gene, MHC2TA (MHC class II transactivator), previously associated with susceptibility to MS and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The role of CLEC16A(More)
OBJECTIVE Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) share some genetic factors such as HLA, PTPN22, STAT4, and 6q23. The aim of this study was to determine whether 9 other SLE genetic factors are also implicated in RA susceptibility. METHODS A characteristic single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in each of 9 genetic factors, ITGAM(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the human herpes viruses, cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6), are detectable in serum and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS 133 PBMC samples (61 RA, 72 healthy donors) and 136 serum samples (59 RA, 77 healthy donors)(More)
HLA-B*2704 is strongly associated with ankylosing spondylitis. B*2706, which differs from B*2704 by two amino acid changes, is not associated with this disease. A systematic comparison of the B*2704- and B*2706-bound peptide repertoires was carried out to elucidate their overlap and differential features and to correlate them with disease susceptibility.(More)
This study addressed the mechanisms by which HLA class I polymorphism modulates allorecognition. CTL 27S69 is an alloreactive clone raised against HLA-B*2705, with a known peptide epitope. This CTL cross-reacts with B*2702, which differs from B*2705 in the D77N, T80I, and L81A changes, but not with B*2701, which has D74Y, D77N, and L81A changes. To explain(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate associations with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in 4 candidate genes, complement factor H (CFH), CD209 or DC-SIGN, eotaxin-3, and the MHC class II Transactivator (MHC2TA) genes. These SNP have been reported as important for RA (eotaxin-3 and MHC2TA) or for other immune-mediated diseases (CFH and(More)
X-ray studies as well as structure-activity relationships indicate that the central part of class I MHC-binding nonapeptides represents the main interaction site for a T cell receptor. In order to rationally manipulate T cell epitopes, several nonpeptidic spacer have been designed from the X-ray structure of a MHC-peptide complex and substituted for the T(More)
Selenoprotein S (SelS) protects the functional integrity of the endoplasmic reticulum against the deleterious effects of metabolic stress. SEPS1/SelS polymorphisms have been involved in the increased release of pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and IL-6 in macrophages. We aimed at investigating the role of the(More)
Nitric oxide has been described as a trigger for the synthesis of proinflammatory mediators and as a cytotoxic molecule with a pivotal role in apoptosis at the joints of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Polymorphisms in the NOS2A gene, which codes for the inducible nitric oxide synthase [(i)NOS], have been tested for association with several autoimmune(More)