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Myotubes expressing wild type RyR1 (WT) or RyR1 with one of three malignant hyperthermia mutations R615C, R2163C, and T4826I (MH) were exposed sequentially to 60 mm KCl in Ca(2+)-replete and Ca(2+)-free external buffers (Ca+ and Ca-, respectively) with 3 min of rest between exposures. Although the maximal peak amplitude of the Ca(2+) transients during K(+)(More)
It has been shown that small interfering RNA (siRNA) partial knockdown of the alpha(2)delta(1) dihydropyridine receptor subunits cause a significant increase in the rate of activation of the L-type Ca(2+) current in myotubes but have little or no effect on skeletal excitation-contraction coupling. This study used permanent siRNA knockdown of(More)
Triadin (Tdn) and Junctin (Jct) are structurally related transmembrane proteins thought to be key mediators of structural and functional interactions between calsequestrin (CASQ) and ryanodine receptor (RyRs) at the junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum (jSR). However, the specific contribution of each protein to the jSR architecture and to(More)
Bidirectional communication between the 1,4-dihydropyridine receptor (DHPR) in the plasma membrane and the type 1 ryanodine receptor (RYR1) in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) is responsible for both skeletal-type excitation-contraction coupling (voltage-gated Ca(2+) release from the SR) and increased amplitude of L-type Ca(2+) current via the DHPR. Because(More)
Differentiated primary myotubes isolated from wild-type mice exhibit ryanodine-sensitive, spontaneous global Ca2+ oscillations as well as spontaneous depolarizations in the plasma membrane. Immunolabeling of these myotubes showed expression of both alpha1S dihydropyridine receptors (DHPRs) and ryanodine-sensitive Ca2+-release channel 1 (RyR1), the two key(More)
Neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been linked to intracellular accumulation of misfolded proteins and dysregulation of intracellular Ca2+. In the current work, we determined the contribution of specific Ca2+ pathways to an alteration in Ca2+ homeostasis in primary cortical neurons from an adult triple transgenic (3xTg-AD) mouse model of AD(More)
Loss-of-function mutations in DJ-1 are associated with early-onset of Parkinson's disease. Although DJ-1 is ubiquitously expressed, the functional pathways affected by it remain unresolved. Here we demonstrate an involvement of DJ-1 in the regulation of Ca(2+) homeostasis in mouse skeletal muscle. Using enzymatically dissociated flexor digitorum brevis(More)
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is a recessive X-linked genetic disease, caused by mutations in the gene encoding dystrophin. DMD is characterized in humans and in mdx mice by a severe and progressive destruction of muscle fibers, inflammation, oxidative/nitrosative stress, and cell death. In mdx muscle fibers, we have shown that basal ATP release is(More)
Inclusion body myositis (IBM), the most common muscle disorder in the elderly, is partly characterized by dysregulation of β-amyloid precursor protein (βAPP) expression and abnormal, intracellular accumulation of full-length βAPP and β-amyloid epitopes. The present study examined the effects of β-amyloid accumulation on force generation and Ca(2+) release(More)
In the absence of store depletion, plasmalemmal Ca(2+) permeability in resting muscle is very low, and its contribution in the maintenance of Ca(2+) homeostasis at rest has not been studied in detail. Junctophilin 1 knock-out myotubes (JP1 KO) have a severe reduction in store-operated Ca(2+) entry, presumably caused by physical alteration of the(More)