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BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that the circadian pattern of blood pressure (BP) remains unchanged after either morning or evening dosing of several calcium-channel blockers (CCBs), including amlodipine, isradipine, verapamil, nitrendipine, and cilnidipine. This trial investigated the administration-time dependent antihypertensive efficacy of the(More)
Therapeutic strategies in resistant hypertension include adding another drug or changing drugs in search for a better synergic combination. Most patients, however, receive all of their drugs in a single morning dose. We have evaluated the impact on the circadian pattern of blood pressure on modifying the time of treatment without increasing the number of(More)
Patients with resistant hypertension present high prevalence of a non-dipper blood pressure pattern. Recent results indicate that non-dipping is related partly to the absence of 24-hour therapeutic coverage in patients treated with single morning doses. Accordingly, we investigated the impact of treatment time on the blood pressure pattern in 700 patients(More)
Time of ingestion of hypertension medications can affect circadian patterns of BP, but whether this translates into an effect on clinical outcomes is unknown. Here, in an open-label trial, we randomly assigned 661 patients with CKD either to take all prescribed hypertension medications upon awakening or to take at least one of them at bedtime. We measured(More)
The use of a set of new end points derived from ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), in addition to the blood pressure (BP) values themselves, has been advocated to improve the sensitivity and specificity in diagnosing hypertension and to evaluate a person's response to treatment. An adequate estimation of rhythmic parameters depends, however, on(More)
Previous chronotherapy studies have shown that the circadian pattern of blood pressure (BP) remains unchanged after either morning or evening dosing of several calcium channel blockers (CCB), including amlodipine, isradipine, verapamil, nitrendipine, and cilnidipine. This trial investigated the antihypertensive efficacy and safety profile of the(More)
BACKGROUND There is a marked association between metabolic syndrome (MS) and increased cardiovascular risk. Moreover, nondipping (patients with <10% decline in the asleep relative to the awake blood pressure (BP) mean) has also been associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. METHODS We investigated the association between MS and(More)
With the aim to describe the daily pattern of blood pressure during the trimesters of pregnancy in clinically healthy women as well as in pregnant women who developed gestational hypertension or preeclampsia, we analyzed 1494 blood pressure series systematically sampled by ambulatory monitoring for 48 hours every 4 weeks after the first obstetric visit in(More)
Aspirin is a potent antioxidative agent that reduces vascular production of superoxide, prevents angiotensin II-induced hypertension, and induces NO release. Low-dose aspirin administered at bedtime, but not on awakening, has also been shown to reduce blood pressure, possibly enhancing the nocturnal trough in NO production. Because endothelium-dependent(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated whether reduced cardiovascular risk is more related to the progressive decrease of asleep or awake blood pressure. BACKGROUND Independent studies have concluded that elevated sleep-time blood pressure is a better predictor of cardiovascular risk than awake or 24-h blood pressure means. However, the impact on cardiovascular risk(More)