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This paper studies the influence exerted by the presynaptic spike train on the postsynaptic one. It applies to synaptic exploration a novel method for characterization of point-process systems (Brillinger, 1974, 1975a), and draws from it physiologically meaningful conclusions. The departure point was a large data set of action potential trains from an(More)
An elementary model of neuronal activity involves temporal and spatial summation of postsynaptic currents that are elicited by presynaptic spikes and that, in turn, elicit postsynaptic potentials at a trigger zone; when the potential at the trigger zone exceeds a “threshold” level, a postsynaptic spike is generated. This paper describes three methods of(More)
Mit Hilfe eines Digitalrechners wurden die Eingangs-und Ausgangsbeziehungen auf synaptischer Ebene untersucht und dargestellt. Diese Untersuchung erstreckt sich auf erregende Synapsen und analysiert die Veränderungen postsynaptischer Aktionspotentiale, die auftreten, 1. wenn die Anzahl der präsynaptischen axonischen Endigungen ansteigt, während andererseits(More)
1. Bestimmte Input-Output Beziehungen wurden untersucht durch intraneurale Registrierungen von isolierten visceralen Ganglien von Aplysia californica. Alle Zellen wiesen eine verlängerte Folge von einem einzigen Typ von EPSPs auf, und lösten infolgedessen aufeinanderfolgende Spikes aus. EPSPs traten entweder (i) spontan auf, oder wurden (ii) ausgelöst durch(More)
1. The spike discharges of single first order afferents from the utricle were recorded in the isolated head of the guitarfish and tested for responses to maintained spatial orientation, to transitions and to a small positional jitter representing natural perturbations. Sensitivity to maintained orientation is referred to as “tonic,” and to transitions and(More)
It is known (e.g., Perkel et al., 1964) that when a pacemaker neuron elicits IPSP's in another, there are domains called “paradoxical segments” where in the steady-state i) faster inhibitory discharges determine faster inhibited ones, and ii) pre- and postsynaptic spikes are “locked” in an invariant forward-and-backward positioning in time, spikes(More)
The Bonhoeffer-van der Pol (BVP) oscillator is a valuable dynamical system model of pacemaker neurons. Isochrons, phase transition curves (PTC), and two dimensional bifurcation diagrams served to analyze the neuron's response to periodic pulse stimuli. Responses are described and explained in terms of the nonlinear dynamical system theory. An important(More)
This is a model of the steady-state influence of one pacemaker neuron upon another across a synapse with EPSP's. Its postulates require firstly the spontaneous regularity of both cells, whose intervals are E and N, respectively. In addition, they require a special shortening or negative “delay” of the interspike interval by one or more EPSP's, with a(More)
A recurrent excitation loop was constructed by enabling each impulse from the slowly adapting stretch receptor organ SAO (crayfish) to trigger through an electronic circuit a brief stretch, or “tug,” of the receptor. When applied independently, each tug influenced the discharge as would an EPSP. Recurrent excitation led to characteristic discharge timings;(More)
This communication describes the new information that may be obtained by applying nonlinear analytical techniques to neurobiological time-series. Specifically, we consider the sequence of interspike intervals Ti (the "timing") of trains recorded from synaptically inhibited crayfish pacemaker neurons. As reported earlier, different postsynaptic spike train(More)