José Pedro Gil

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BACKGROUND This is the first clinical trial comparing the efficacy of artesunate plus amodiaquine (ASAQ) and artemether-lumefantrine (AL)--the major artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) candidates for treatment of malaria in Africa--that involved an extended, 42-day follow-up period, polymerase chain reaction-adjusted parasitological cure rates (PCR(More)
Artemisinin derivative-based combination therapy is expected to suppress the development of Plasmodium falciparum drug resistance in Africa. We have performed an artemether-lumefantrine (Coartem; Novartis) follow-up clinical trial in Zanzibar, in which pfcrt K76T and pfmdr1 N86Y frequencies were determined before drug administration and in all recurrent(More)
OBJECTIVE Artemether-lumefantrine (AL), presently the most favoured combination therapy against uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Africa, has recently shown to select for the pfmdr1 86N allele. The objective of this study was to search for the selection of other mutations potentially involved in artemether-lumefantrine tolerance and/or(More)
BACKGROUND Artemether-lumefantrine (AL) is a major and highly effective artemisinin-based combination therapy that is becoming increasingly important as a new first-line therapy against Plasmodium falciparum malaria. However, recrudescences occurring after AL treatment have been reported. Identification of drug-specific parasite determinants that contribute(More)
The sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase orthologue of Plasmodium falciparum (PfATP6) has been suggested to be involved in the mechanism of action and resistance to artemisinins, the main constituent of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT). In previous studies only six single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been described in clinical(More)
Despite the pharmacodynamic advantages with artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) and some potentially opposite molecular mechanisms of tolerance to amodiaquine (AQ)/desethylamodiaquine (DEAQ) and artesunate (ART), there is a risk for rapid decay in efficacy if the two drugs are unable to ensure mutual prevention against a selection and spread of(More)
The prevention and management of malaria is primarily based on the use of drugs. Clinical trials have however revealed that between individuals there is large variability in the pharmacokinetic profiles of many antimalarial drugs. The resulting variations in concentrations of the drug within plasma might lead to either suboptimum effectiveness or drug(More)
Chemotherapy is a critical component of malaria control. However, the most deadly malaria pathogen, Plasmodium falciparum, has repeatedly mounted resistance against a series of antimalarial drugs used in the last decades. Southeast Asia is an epicenter of emerging antimalarial drug resistance, including recent resistance to the artemisinins, the core(More)
Cytochrome P450 2C8 (CYP2C8) is a polymorphic phase I drug-metabolising enzyme involved in the metabolism of a wide variety of xenobiotics, as well as a proposed player in the regulation of vascular tone. Polymorphisms in this gene may have an impact on the metabolism of therapeutic drugs such as paclitaxel and verapamil. In this report we have determined(More)
The practical advantages of sampling and storing blood on filter paper for analyses of human and pathogen genes highlight the need for reliable, sensitive, and cost-effective DNA extraction methods. We describe a new Tris-EDTA (TE) buffer-based method for extraction of DNA from blood dried on filter paper. The method was evaluated against the commonly used(More)